|2016 London ePrix I|
|Date||2 July 2016|
|Official Name||2016 Visa London ePrix I|
|Location||Battersea Park Street Circuit, Battersea Park, London, UK|
|Lap length||2.925 km (1.818 mi)|
|Distance||33 laps / 96.525 km (59.978 mi)|
|Pole Sitter||Nicolas Prost|
|Driver||Nelson Piquet Jr.|
|Fastest Lap||1:25.783 on lap 29|
|Nicolas Prost||Bruno Senna||Jean-Éric Vergne|
|Winner Team||Renault e.Dams|
|2016 Berlin ePrix||2016 London ePrix II|
The 2016 London ePrix I, officially known as the 2016 Visa London ePrix I, was the ninth and penultimate round of the 2015/16 FIA Formula E Championship, staged on 2 July 2016 at the Battersea Park Street Circuit in Battersea Park, London, UK. The race was originally meant to be the only ePrix scheduled in London, but the FIA were quick to announced that the 2014/15 double header would return.
An intense Championship battle between Sébastien Buemi and Lucas di Grassi was meant to dominate the race, although both were caught out by rain during the qualifying session. As a result, Nicolas Prost claimed pole having been in an earlier group, before getting a strong run through the Super Pole shootout. For the penultimate bout of the Championship, di Grassi would start tenth, while Buemi was down in twelfth.
The front row was a revival of an old Formula One rivalry as Prost and Bruno Senna lined up together, although it was clear that the Frenchman was out to win after an electric start. Elsewhere, both di Grassi and Buemi managed to both gain a position as Sam Bird was almost run into the wall by team mate Jean-Éric Vergne in the mid-pack. The rest of the early stages were notable for a steady climb for the two title pretenders, with the Brazilian just able to keep ahead of his Swiss challenger.
Just after the stops, Daniel Abt caused the only Safety car period of the race, after getting wide into turn two and touching Robin Frijns. The accident put both out of the race and destroyed Prost's lead, although the Frenchman still managed to escape at the restart. That left the entire field stuck behind an impressive Oliver Turvey in third, as he enjoyed his best race with NEXTEV TCR.
Two late race incidents would ultimately settle the penultimate round, although both worked against Buemi. The first did not involve him at all, as di Grassi made an optimistic attack on Vergne, only to succeed in damaging his front wing. Moments later, Turvey slammed into the wall at the Millennium Chicane to end his race, just as Bird dived past Buemi at the same corner. The Brit was not judged to have passed under yellow flags, but on the exit of the final corner of the final lap, Bird's car ran out of power, meaning Buemi rammed into the rear left of the car.
Fortunately for Buemi he was able to continue to the line to claim fifth behind rival di Grassi, although the gap at the gap to the Brazilian was now up to three points. Untroubled at the front, meanwhile, Prost was able to collect his first win since the 2015 Miami ePrix, while Senna claimed a maiden podium. Vergne held on to third after a post-race investigation, although Turvey was not too impressed by the Frenchman afterwards.
With the popularity and drama of the season finale of 2014/15 seeing a record attendance and television audience, the FIA and Formula E Holdings arranged for Battersea Park in London to host two races once again in 2015/16. With that in mind, tickets for the double header went on sale in early March, with reduced prices for early buyers, with the circuit unmodified from 2015.
Yet, despite the financial success of the race, the double header was almost blocked by an appeal from local residents. A judicial review was issued after widespread complaints about the race, which would cause Battersea Park to be closed for some time around the weekend. Fortunately, an agreement was reached between Formula E Holdings, Wandsworth Borough Council and the Battersea Park Action Group was made before the review allowing the double header to go ahead. The side effect of the agreement would be that the FIA would have to find a new venue in the British capital to host future ePrix.
On the topic of calendars, a provisional calendar was released for the 2016/17 season, which did not feature London in its original guise although there were two free dates. There were numerous new venues for the Championship, with Hong Kong set to open the new season on the ninth of October, before a visit to Marrakech later that month. Other additions were Brussels in Belgium, before the season ended with two double headers in a row, one in Montreal, before a full climax in New York at the end of July.
Elsewhere, the were updates from the manufacturer backed teams, whom had all completed the homologation phase of the entry process for season three. The addition of Jaguar meant that there were to be nine manufacturers and ten entrants for 2016/17, and it was the British manufacturer that were first to release images of their new challenger. They were soon joined by Andretti, who completed a large amount of running with their new car ahead of the season finale after having had to bin their 2015 challenger. The American entrants also confirmed that Robin Frijns would race for them next season.
After the cancellation of the Moscow ePrix, there had been two month break for the Championship before the teams arrived in London. There were a few major stories to break during that time, including conformation that Team Aguri would be sold at the end of the season, meaning they would be competing for the final time in London. Their replacement would be announced after the London weekend, although for their final race the team would field António Félix da Costa and Ma Qing Hua as usual.
Whatever happened to the London ePrix in the future, Battersea Park would still play host to an incredible finale to the 2015/16 FIA Formula E Championship, as Sébastien Buemi and Lucas di Grassi arrived with just one point between them. The Swiss driver would be the man chasing, but they would go to battle knowing it was a straight fight between them, for third placed Sam Bird would have to have two perfect weekends, and see Buemi and di Grassi fail to score at all.
The Teams' Championship was also going down to the wire, as Renault e.Dams and ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport arrived in London with eleven points between them. They, like their two lead drivers, knew that it was a straight fight for the title between them, as DS Virgin Racing arrived for their home race in a battle for third. They had American based Dragon Racing just seven points away, while Mahindra Racing completed the top five.
The full entry list for the 2016 London ePrix I is displayed below:
There were numerous weather concerns ahead of qualifying, with reports that rain would hit the circuit half an hour into the session. Otherwise, the standard quali format for Formula E would be followed with four groups, two featuring four drivers and two featuring five, each getting six minutes on circuit. After that, the top five from the groups would do battle for pole in a shootout, which would see each driver get one chance to set a lap time good enough for pole.
Group one would open the session on Saturday lunchtime, with Nicolas Prost one of the favourites for pole after an impressive display for during practice. An outside contender for pole would also be found in the form of Jean-Éric Vergne, particularly with the clouds drawing in, while newly re-signed Robin Frijns would also get time on circuit. Rounding out the opening group would be Ma Qing Hua, in Team Aguri's penultimate appearance in qualifying.
After a small delay to the start, all four drivers shot straight onto the circuit to complete a 170 kw lap before turning up to full power. First on circuit was Prost, who quickly got round to complete his full power lap to top the standings, just moments before Vergne crashed on his full power lap, bringing out a red flag. Ma had a poor lap to set his time, although Frijns got caught behind the Frenchman's crash and could not complete his full power lap. The Dutchman was allowed to get a second lap in in a four minute window after the session was resumed, slotting into second behind Prost.
The second quartet of the session was also set to escape the impending rain, although the delays for group one meant it would be close. There were no standout names or favourites for pole, but given the weather situation all of the quartet could hold hopes of getting into the shootout, headed by Oliver Turvey who had a strong practice session. Also on circuit would be Mahindra Racing's Bruno Senna, the second Andretti driver in the form of Simona de Silvestro and the Venturi of Stéphane Sarrazin.
Despite the delay, the weather was still on the fringes of Battersea as group two hit the circuit, with all of the drivers getting on with it to try and get their times in before the rain. The need to push was highlighted by Senna, as he slithered through the final corner having locked up the rear axle, somehow managing to miss the outside wall. That was just before Stéphane Sarrazin ended his session early, putting himself in the wall having broken his front suspension through the chicane bringing out a second red flag of the day. The delay meant that de Silvestro and Turvey got a chance to go out once again as they had not got in a full power lap, although the Swiss racer succeeded only in spinning into the wall. Turvey, in contrast, managed to dance his way through Battersea Park despite the light patter of rain to slot in behind Prost in the overall standings.
All of the attention in qualifying was placed on group three, as the title contenders were drawn together to battle for pole and, more importantly, the three points on offer. Sébastien Buemi was the favoured of the two, the Renault e.Dams machine the stronger car, although Lucas di Grassi would be fired up to beat his title rival. Almost as a side act to the crucial battle would be the two Dragons of Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Loïc Duval, while António Félix da Costa hoped to be the best of those using older equipment.
Unfortunately for the title contenders, the rain was falling heavily enough to ruin any chance of them getting into the top five, or even beating those whom had only managed to get times on lower power laps. They both had untroubled session, although it was clear that the Renault was not as happy as the ABT Schaeffler in the slippery conditions, with di Grassi getting ahead of his rival as both missed out on the Shootout. Furthermore, because the rain had only been a short, sharp shower, the circuit was already drying before the end of the penultimate group, meaning times would drop slightly at the end of the session.
The final group would be of more interest for the home fans, with both Sam Bird and Mike Conway getting their chance to battle for pole for the penultimate race. Bird looked the stronger of the two, and still had mathematical hopes of the title if he could grab pole, although with the worsening weather both of their chances evaporated. Joining them for the final group battle were Nelson Piquet Jr., Nick Heidfeld and Daniel Abt, the latter needing a strong result to help team mate di Grassi to the title.
Despite a drying circuit, the trees meant that the circuit was still too wet to get times to challenge for the Shootout. Conway's fast lap was ruined when he locked up into the Millennium Chicane, only to hit the wall when he tried to spin his way back out of the escape road. Despite the difficult conditions, Abt, Bird and Heidfeld all managed to get into the top ten, while Piquet Jr., struggled with an unspecified issue which prevented him getting in a fast lap.
With Vergne out, only four drivers got a chance at the pole shootout, with times set to tumble as the circuit continued to dry from the shaded parts of the circuit. First out was Frijns, who managed to get a clean lap in but knew that the times would drop before the end. That was immediately made clear by Senna, as he danced around the circuit almost two seconds quicker than the Dutchman to put himself on provisional pole. Turvey was next out, but a minor mistake meant he ended the day between Senna and Frijns, and meant that the only man who could deny Mahindra a maiden pole was Prost.
Indeed, Prost was on top form, and with the advantage of being the last man out had the driest circuit of the shootout contenders. A mesmerising second sector was enough for the Frenchman to grab pole from Senna, although a lock up early on almost put the second Renault into the wall. Regardless, it was Prost's third pole in Formula E, Senna's first front row start, while post-quali penalties meant that di Grassi would start in tenth, and Buemi in twelfth.
The final qualifying results for the 2016 London ePrix I are outlined below:
|2016 London ePrix I Qualifying Result|
|1st||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||1:27.192||—||1||G1|
|2nd||21||Bruno Senna||Mahindra Racing||1:27.758||+0.566s||2||G2|
|3rd||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV TCR||1:28.284||+1.092s||3||G2|
|4th||27||Robin Frijns||Amlin Andretti||1:29.500||+2.308s||4||G1|
|5th*||25||Jean-Éric Vergne||DS Virgin Racing||—||5||G1|
|1st||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||1:23.247||—||SP||G1|
|2nd||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV TCR||1:23.969||+0.722s||SP||G2|
|3rd||21||Bruno Senna||Mahindra Racing||1:24.279||+1.032s||SP||G2|
|4th||27||Robin Frijns||Amlin Andretti||1:24.363||+1.116s||SP||G1|
|5th||25||Jean-Éric Vergne||DS Virgin Racing||1:26.799||+3.552s||SP||G1|
|6th||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:29.814||+6.567s||SP||G4|
|7th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:30.453||+7.206s||7||G4|
|8th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||1:32.367||+9.120s||8||G4|
|9th†||4||Stéphane Sarrazin||Venturi Formula E Team||1:33.660||+10.413s||15||G2|
|10th||6||Loïc Duval||Dragon Racing||1:35.315||+12.068s||10||G3|
|11th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||1:35.711||+12.464s||11||G3|
|12th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||1:35.727||+12.480s||12||G3|
|13th†||77||Ma Qing Hua||Team Aguri||1:36.748||+13.501s||16||G1|
|14th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||1:36.771||+13.524s||14||G3|
|15th||12||Mike Conway||Venturi Formula E Team||1:37.562||+14.315s||15||G4|
|16th||55||António Félix da Costa||Team Aguri||1:38.501||+15.254s||16||G3|
|17th†||1||Nelson Piquet Jr.||NIO Formula E Team||1:38.922||+15.675s||17||G4|
|NC‡||28||Simona de Silvestro||Amlin Andretti||1:50.455||+27.208s||18||G2|
|110% Time: 1:31.572§|
- * Vergne could not set a time during the Super Pole Shootout but would start fifth.
- † Sarrazin, Ma and Piquet were handed grid penalties due to mechanical changes.
- ‡ Silvestro did not set a full power lap.
- § The 110% Time rule was not applied due to the change in conditions mid-session.
After the rain hit qualifying session, London was bathed in sunshine which meant that the track was dry for the race start, although ominous clouds still hung over the West end. Otherwise, there was little to affect the teams and drivers ahead of the penultimate round of the Championship, with all of the cars wheeled onto the dummy grid for the start. With FanBoost voting still open, many hoped to see if Lucas di Grassi and Sébastien Buemi could pick their way through the order to take points to aid their title bids.
An excellent start for Nicolas Prost saw the pole sitter surge straight into the lead of the race, as Bruno Senna slithered into second after a lot of wheel spin. A well mannered, and fairly even, start for the rest saw the order largely unchanged until turn three, where Jean-Éric Vergne almost put team mate Sam Bird into the wall. The title pretenders, meanwhile, had each made up a place, with di Grassi ahead, in the points, and having Loïc Duval in between himself and Buemi for the rest of the opening lap.
Vergne and Bird were scraping throughout the opening lap while di Grassi challenged Nick Heidfeld ahead as he sought to get further away from Buemi behind. Prost, meanwhile, was already sprinting away at the head of the field, with Senna just keeping in touch. Behind came Oliver Turvey after his impressive qualifying run, although he was beginning to become a moving roadblock already, as Robin Frijns weaved around behind him searching for an overtake.
Onto lap three and it was Buemi who was making the move, setting up Duval through the exit of turn three, forcing the Dragon off line so he could have the inside for the narrow chicane of turns four and five. In response, di Grassi decided it was time to pounce on Heidfeld, the Brazilian expertly sliding his ABT Schaeffler machine up the inside of the German into the penultimate chicane to claim eighth. The two title pretenders were in an interesting game of cat and mouse, although di Grassi now had the advantage of having team mate Daniel Abt just a few car lengths ahead.
Moments later, Buemi managed to elbow his way past Heidfeld into turn three meaning he was right behind di Grassi once again, prompting the ABT cars to swap over. That left di Grassi with a rear gunner in the form of Abt, who would now do everything short of crashing to keep Buemi behind, although with Buemi taking fastest lap, the Brazilian still needed to press on to make ground on his rival. As this was going on, Prost in the lead of the race was now four seconds clear, while Turvey remained a moving road block in third.
The following laps developed into a stalemate, with di Grassi caught behind the two battling DS Virgin Racing drivers, while Abt picked up a warning for excessive movement while defending from Buemi. Turvey managed to break away from from Frijns, meaning it was the Dutchman who was forming the roadblock, while António Félix da Costa picked off Mike Conway outside of the points. Prost, meanwhile, was stretching his legs at the front of the field, taking fastest lap as he pulled ten seconds clear of Senna in second.
After several false starts, di Grassi finally managed to elbow his way past Bird, whom had just avoided contact with team mate Vergne the lap before. A neat dive into the final chicane put the Brazilian into sixth, leaving Buemi two cars back as Abt continued his stubborn defence. For Bird, the day was getting worse as he struggled with energy consumption which meant his defence was hampered over the following laps, allowing Abt and Buemi to get past before he stopped a lap earlier than everyone bar Senna and Turvey ahead.
The pitstop shuffle put Bird to the lower end of the top ten, although the significant change was done just before. Just moments before Bird and co. opened the pit window, Buemi dived down the inside of Abt and caught the German sleeping, meaning he would pit right behind di Grassi. Although they emerged in the same order, Vergne had managed to pass Frijns, meaning di Grassi would be right on the back of the slower Dutchman with his title rival right behind.
As a few insignificant drops of rain fell on the circuit, di Grassi lined up a move on Frijns, snatching fifth place into the Lake Chicane from the Spark-Renault machine meaning he once again had a car between himself and Buemi. That was, until the Swiss racer squeezed up the inside of the Andretti at the Millenium Chicane at the end of the lap, meaning he was once again able to shadow his title rival, and set up a potential pounce. Frijns, meanwhile, was now in the sights of Abt behind, although that battle would not last long.
Coming through turn one, Abt had a huge speed advantage, meaning he had to run wide into turn two to avoiding running into the back of Frijns, with the added bonus of being on the inside for turn three. Unfortunately, Frijns ran wider than usual through turn two, meaning that he and Abt came together, sending the German sliding into the outside wall. Contact with the concrete broke the suspension, while also forcing the yellow, red and green car to slide back across the circuit and into the rear left of Frijns' car, taking him out of the race. With their two smashed cars on the side of the circuit, the BMW Qualcomm i8 Safety car was called, meaning di Grassi and Buemi were up to the back of the podium on track.
After a four lap break, the race was back underway, with Prost once again streaking away from Senna, who in turn got clear of Turvey and Vergne behind. Behind the second Frenchman was di Grassi, whose early attempts at getting past were blocked leaving him vulnerable to Buemi. The accident and safety car had also brought Bird back into play, although the Brit had fallen behind a charging da Costa, who had shot up the order during the stops. As the race resumed, Loïc Duval limped into the pits to retire, his second car having an unspecified problem that could not be cured.
Both Buemi and di Grassi had FanBoost at their disposal during the second part of the race, and with the safety car period almost all of the runners could run to the end without having to conserve energy. After a few laps of running, which saw one of the title pretenders use his boost, di Grassi made a lunge up the inside of Vergne for fourth, only to collect the Frenchman at the apex of turn three having run wide. They both carried on with Buemi unable to get by, although the front wing of the Championship leaders' car was broken, one of the wheel covers snapping off.
Previously, damaged front wings had meant that drivers were shown the mechanical flag to have parts removed, so di Grassi was fortunate when the pod came away from the car having been trapped between the suspension and the remains of the wing. Buemi would later be upset by the decision of the stewards not to call in the damaged di Grassi, although for a time the Swiss driver launched a relentless attack on the Brazilian, although all attempts were blocked. As the title hung in the balance, Bird completed a tremendous move on da Costa, going right round the outside of the Portuguese racer at turn thirteen.
The final laps proved to be an anti-climax, as one of the few overtaking spots on the circuit was taken away when Turvey smashed into the wall having lost his car on the brakes. That put Vergne into third, although there was drama further back as Bird scythed up the inside of Buemi just moments after his countryman had buried himself in the tyre barrier in the same spot. Buemi was straight on the radio, stating that the Brit must have overtaken under yellow flags, although replays, and the FIA, deemed otherwise.
Yet, there was to be one final twist, as the Brit struggled with energy conservation at the end of the race. As Prost completed a brilliant victory, having lost out to Nelson Piquet Jr. for fastest lap, Bird's car suddenly slowed out of the final corner, sending Buemi up the back of the Virgin. Fortunately, the Swiss driver had already begun to move to one side, meaning he was able to bounce over the left rear and carry on for the last few metres to claim fifth, with da Costa also making his way past before the Virgin coasted across the line.
The final classification of the 2016 London ePrix I is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold.
|2016 London ePrix I Race Result|
|Pos.||No.||Name||Team||Laps||Race Time||Fastest lap||Pts.|
|1st||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||33||53:56.653||1:27.571||28|
|2nd||21||Bruno Senna||Mahindra Racing||33||+5.244s||1:27.868||18|
|3rd||25||Jean-Éric Vergne||DS Virgin Racing||33||+8.195s||1:28.361||15|
|4th||11||Lucas di Grassi||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||33||+8.914s||1:27.669||12|
|5th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||33||+10.052s||1:27.798||10|
|6th||55||António Félix da Costa||Team Aguri||33||+10.908s||1:28.136||8|
|7th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||33||+10.986s||1:27.656||6|
|8th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||33||+11.264s||1:28.169||4|
|9th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||33||+12.106s||1:28.247||2|
|10th||12||Mike Conway||Venturi Formula E Team||33||+12.456s||1:27.592||1|
|11th||28||Simona de Silvestro||Amlin Andretti||33||+13.079s||1:27.949|
|12th||4||Stéphane Sarrazin||Venturi Formula E Team||33||+15.918s||1:27.052|
|13th||77||Ma Qing Hua||Team Aguri||33||+38.400s||1:29.774|
|14th||1||Nelson Piquet Jr.||NextEV TCR||33||+52.028s||1:25.783||2|
|15th*||88||Oliver Turvey||NextEV TCR||30||Accident||1:28.567|
|Ret||6||Loïc Duval||Dragon Racing||23||Retired||1:29.439|
|Ret||27||Robin Frijns||Amlin Andretti||19||Accident||1:29.304|
|Ret||66||Daniel Abt||ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport||19||Accident||1:29.098|
- Indicates a driver was awarded FanBoost during the race.
- * Turvey was still classified despite failing to complete the final lap as he had already covered 90% of the race distance.
- Third London ePrix to be staged.
- Third pole position for Nicolas Prost.
- Prost secured his second FE victory.
- e.Dams claimed their eighth win as an entrant in Formula E.
- Renault earned their fourth triumph as a powertrain supplier.
- First (and only) podium finish for Bruno Senna.
- Nelson Piquet Jr. recorded his third fastest lap award.
With just one race to go, Lucas di Grassi held on to a slender three point advantage over Sébastien Buemi, and with three points for pole, that could disappear before the second race of the weekend began. Nicolas Prost, meanwhile, managed to climb up to an impressive third with victory, overtaking Sam Bird whose car had failed him once again. Jérôme d'Ambrosio completed the top five in the Drivers' Championship, where eighteen drivers had managed to claim a point or more.
Renault e.Dams had all but sealed the deal in the Teams' Championship after Prost's victory, with ABT Schaeffler Audi Sport needing to claim a one-two on Sunday, and see the Frenchmen fail to score to stand any chance at all. DS Virgin Racing were set for third after another strong campaign, while Dragon Racing were confirmed as the best of the American teams. The other potential battle in the Championship would be between the two teams using season one equipment, with Amlin Andretti just ahead of the outgoing Team Aguri.
Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 'WMSC reveals dates for season two Formula E calendar', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 10/07/2015), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2015/july/wmsc-reveals-dates-for-season-two-formula-e-calendar.aspx, (Accessed 10/07/2015)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 'London ePrix double header confirmed for July 2/3', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 20/09/2015), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2015/september/london-eprix-double-header-confirmed-for-july-23.aspx, (Accessed 26/03/2016)
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 3.27 3.28 3.29 'PROST TAKES POLE FOR VISA LONDON EPRIX: RAIN HITS DI GRASSI AND BUEMI IN CRUCIAL QUALIFYING SESSION', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 02/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/prost-takes-pole-for-visa-london-eprix/, (Accessed 04/07/2016)
- ↑ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 'BUEMI AND DI GRASSI CHARGE UP THE ORDER, BUT IT’S PROST WHO LEADS THE WAY', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 02/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/prost-wins-in-style-as-di-grassi-inches-closer-to-title/, (Accessed 03/07/2016)
- ↑ 'Tickets on sale for the Visa London ePrix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 11/03/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/march/visa-london-eprix-tickets-on-sale.aspx, (Accessed 26/03/2016)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 'FORMULA E GETS GREEN LIGHT FOR VISA LONDON EPRIX IN BATTERSEA', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 24/05/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/may/formula-e-gets-green-light-for-visa-london-eprix-in-battersea/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 'From Hong Kong to New York: FIVE NEW CITIES FOR THIRD FORMULA E SEASON', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 02/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/from-hong-kong-to-new-york/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 'TEN TEAMS ENTERED FOR THE 2016-17 FIA FORMULA E CHAMPIONSHIP', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 01/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/ten-teams-entered-for-the-2016-17-fia-formula-e-championship/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 'JAGUAR IMAGES TAKEN FROM INITIAL TEST RUN', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 30/05/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/may/first-pictures-of-jaguar-formula-e-car/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 'ATEC-02 TO DEBUT IN 2016/17 SEASON', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/06/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/june/andretti-completes-track-testing-with-new-powertrain/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 'DUTCH ACE GETS CONTRACT EXTENSION WITH ANDRETTI', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 01/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/andretti-re-signs-frijns-for-season-three/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 'Formula E will not race in Moscow on June 4', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 06/05/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/may/formula-e-will-not-race-in-moscow-on-june-4/, (Accessed 07/05/2016)
- ↑ 'Team Aguri confirm takeover ahead of Visa London ePrix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/06/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/june/team-aguri-confirm-takeover-ahead-of-visa-london-eprix/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 'FanBoost open for Visa London ePrix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 20/06/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/june/fanboost-open-for-visa-london-eprix/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 'Round 9 - London ePrix: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 2015), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/01_2015-16/09_London%20R9/71_FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/201607021605_Great%20Britain%20R9_BOOKLET.pdf, (Accessed 17/08/2018)
- ↑ 16.00 16.01 16.02 16.03 16.04 16.05 16.06 16.07 16.08 16.09 16.10 16.11 'LONDON 2016 QUALIFYING GROUPS: SATURDAY', current-e.com, (Current E, 02/07/2016), http://current-e.com/chatter/london-2016-qualifying-groups-saturday/, (Accessed 04/07/2016)
- ↑ 17.00 17.01 17.02 17.03 17.04 17.05 17.06 17.07 17.08 17.09 17.10 17.11 17.12 17.13 17.14 17.15 17.16 17.17 17.18 17.19 17.20 17.21 17.22 17.23 17.24 17.25 17.26 17.27 17.28 17.29 17.30 17.31 17.32 17.33 17.34 17.35 17.36 17.37 17.38 17.39 17.40 17.41 'Race Highlights - Visa London ePrix 2016 (Sat) - Formula E', youtube.com, (YouTube: Formula E, 03/07/2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pCvLepG0Wnc, (Accessed 03/07/2016)