|2018 Paris E-Prix|
The Les Invalides Circuit returns for 2018.
|Date||28 April 2018|
|Official Name||2018 Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix|
|Location||Circuit des Invalides, Les Invalides, Paris, France|
|Lap length||1.930 km (1.199 mi)|
|Distance||49 laps / 94.570 km (58.763 mi)|
|Pole Sitter||Jean-Éric Vergne|
|Driver||Lucas di Grassi|
|Team||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler|
|Fastest Lap||1:02.367 on lap 34|
|Jean-Éric Vergne||Lucas di Grassi||Sam Bird|
|2018 Rome E-Prix||2018 Berlin E-Prix|
The 2018 Paris E-Prix, otherwise officially known as the 2018 Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix, was the eighth round of the 2017/18 ABB FIA Formula E Championship, staged on the Circuit des Invalides in Paris, France, on 28 April 2018. The E-Prix, which was the third Paris E-Prix to be staged in three years, would be remembered for its rather expensive conclusion.
Qualifying would be dominated by Parisian born Jean-Éric Vergne for Techeetah, the Frenchman flying around the circuit in a record 1:01.144 in Super Pole. His teammate André Lotterer would start from third, with Sam Bird in between, while Sébastien Buemi and António Félix da Costa had completed the shootout.
Vergne would immediately sprint into the lead at the start, leaving Bird to just edge out Lotterer on the brakes into turn one. The rest of the field, bar Ma Qing Hua who was stuck on the grid, piled in behind, with all nineteen drivers miraculously escaping without damage.
That was, until the field reached the next big braking zone, where Tom Blomqvist misjudged his braking point and duly rammed into the back of Nicholas Prost. The rear-wing of the Andretti was subsequently removed by Mitch Evans, who had no where to go, while debris form the incident was sent flying into the air, resulting in a full course yellow.
After a few laps the race resumed, with Vergne, Bird and Lotterer pulling clear of the rest of the pack. Indeed, it was Daniel Abt who somewhat stole the show in their absence, picking his way up into the top ten and onto the back of the fight for fourth. The fight for the lead, meanwhile, remained a stalemate as the drivers waited for the pitwindow to open.
As the pitwindow approached Bird duly began to attack the back of Vergne's Techeetah, although try as he might Bird just could not get past as they filtered into the pits. The rest of the field bar Lucas di Grassi, Abt and Edoardo Mortara followed them in, with the Swiss racer staying out a lap longer than the two Audi Sport ABT Schaefflers.
After the stops Vergne's advantage out front had grown to two seconds, with Bird's attention now fully focused on defending from Lotterer. His efforts were in vain, however, with Lotterer just managing to get his Techeetah stopped in front of the Brit on lap 35 to snatch second.
Their fighting duly allowed di Grassi to catch and pass Bird, allowing the Brazilian to attack Lotterer, resulting in a rather bruising battle. Indeed, their fight would last until the final lap, and would only be decided when Lotterer ran out of usable energy with half a lap to go.
Still Lotterer refused to let di Grassi by, although he was, literally, powerless to prevent the Brazilian charging past into turn eight. Bird was next and tried to take the German before entering the final complex, only for Lotterer to pull across right in front of him. The DS Virgin duly slammed into the back of the Techeetah, ripping the front right corner from the car, while Lotterer was swamped by Maro Engel, Buemi and Abt behind.
Out front, meanwhile, Vergne cruised home to claim a dominant home victory, almost ten seconds clear of di Grassi in second. Bird, with three wheel on his wagon, was third ahead of Engel, while Buemi just edged ahead of Lotterer for fifth. Abt was baulked and had to settle for seventh ahead of Felix Rosenqvist, with Oliver Turvey and José María López completing the point scorers.
The Paris E-Prix returned for the third straight season in 2017/18, with an unchanged Les Invalides Circuit playing host to the series once again. Indeed, the circuit would have the same mix of 90° corners combined with elongated chicane sections, as well as its two signature straights. There was little change on the sponsor front too, with Qatar Airways returning to sponsor the event once again.
A Ma-rvellous Opportunity
On the driver front there would be a change ahead of the Paris E-Prix, as NIO decided to pull Luca Filippi from their #68 entry. In his place would come a returning Ma Qing Hua, who had joined the team ahead of the season as their reserve driver, and had monopolised their simulator for most of the season. It would be Ma's first start since the 2017 Buenos Aires ePrix, while Filippi was expected to re-take his seat at the Berlin E-Prix.
Elsewhere, the NIO team, as well as the incoming BMW team, joined up with the other seven homologated manufacturers for the second 2018/19 group test, staged at the Calafat circuit in Spain. Most teams would give their second drivers a run over the three day test, although Venturi elected to use reserve drivers Tom Dillmann and Arthur Leclerc. DS, meanwhile, would conduct their test without current partners Virgin Racing, increasing speculation that they would be supplying current privateers Techeetah in 2018/19.
Over at Jaguar Racing there was a blow to their recent form, as Mitch Evans was forced to change a gearbox on one of his cars after the pre-race Shakedown. The Kiwi was duly slapped with a standard ten place grid penalty for the change, meaning he would start from eleventh or lower on the grid. Furthermore, Evans had also be in the first group to go out in qualifying, it was likely that the Kiwi would start much lower than that.
Into the Championship and victory in Rome had pulled Sam Bird closer to Championship leader Jean-Éric Vergne, although the Frenchman remained eighteen points clear of the Brit ahead of the Parisian's literal home race. Felix Rosenqvist, meanwhile, had been the biggest loser, dropping almost 40 points back in third, with Sébastien Buemi likewise arriving in Paris having lost ground. Elsewhere, Daniel Abt had moved into the top five, while his teammate Lucas di Grassi continued his steady climb up the order.
Techeetah arrived in Paris still leading the charge in the Teams' Championship, effectively growing their advantage over the field thanks to another double-score in Rome. DS Virgin Racing were now their closest challengers having overtaken Mahindra Racing, the Indian team slipping 40 points behind, while Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler moved into fourth at the expense of Jaguar Racing. Renault e.Dams, meanwhile, would need a strong home race having slipped to sixth, while Dragon Racing moved ahead of Andretti Formula E as they fought to not end the year with the wooden spoon.
The full entry list for the 2018 Paris E-Prix is displayed below:
Qualifying would be staged according to the usual programme, with the twenty drivers split into four groups of five, before each group was randomly drawn to go out on track. Each group would have six minutes on track, with each driver getting a warm-up and then flying lap to set a quick time. The fastest five overall would then go through to the Super Pole shootout to fight for pole, while the rest of the grid was determined by the results from the group stage.
The first group to take to the track in qualifying would feature the top five in the Championship, causing some consternation among them given that circuits generally improve as sessions go on. Regardless, Championship leader Jean-Éric Vergne, main pretenders Sam Bird and Felix Rosenqvist and ex-Champion Sébastien Buemi were all forced to head out in the early runout. Daniel Abt would complete the quintet for Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler.
Abt was the man to get things underway during the first group of the day, although his effort was to be quickly eclipsed by his competitors. Rosenqvist was the next man through, before a charging Vergne blitzed his time to go fastest overall with a 1:01.508, going over half a second quicker than the Swede. Bird was next was just over a quarter of a second of the Frenchman, while Buemi was a rather quiet third after losing a third of a second in the first sector alone.
Lucas di Grassi headlined the second group of the afternoon, the defending Champion hoping that the warming temperatures would aid his bid to get into Super Pole. Joining him on track would be Mitch Evans, set to be slapped with a ten place grid penalty, Oliver Turvey and André Lotterer, all of whom could entertain hopes of a slot in Super Pole. The fifth and final member of the quintet, Nelson Piquet Jr., was not expected to feature after two crashes in practice, damaging both his cars.
Piquet would indeed fail to appear, while Jaguar teammate Evans was a rather overwhelming eighth overall come the end of the group. Elsewhere, Lotterer impressed to get up into the top five and top the group, even scraping the wall in the final complex to edge out di Grassi. The Brazilian himself was clean but lost time in the final sector, while Turvey just missed out on a top five spot in sixth.
Nick Heidfeld and Alex Lynn were the key players in the third group of the afternoon, with the German and the Brit needing strong performances to get on terms with their respective teammates. Also on circuit would be Edoardo Mortara, who was also looking to reignite his season, as was BMW factory driver António Félix da Costa. José María López completed the quintet in the rather underwhelming Dragon.
Lynn led four of the five out onto the circuit right at the start of the session, although it was Mortara who ended up as the first man to set a time. The Italian failed to get into Super Pole after a scruffy lap, with Lynn likewise failing to make the mark, as did a low-key López and Heidfeld, despite the German's decision to run at the very end of the period. Indeed, it was da Costa who stole the show ahead of Super Pole, the Portuguese racer dancing his Andretti around to claim second overall.
Into the fourth and final quintet and Nicolas Prost was the man under pressure for Renault e.Dams, the Frenchman needing a strong run at his home race to reignite his season. Also out on circuit would be Maro Engel and Jérôme d'Ambrosio, as well as the impressive da Costa's teammate Tom Blomqvist. Completing the quintet would be Ma Qing Hua, whose return to FE was proving to be solid rather than spectacular.
Indeed, true to current form Ma ended the session slowest overall, but would complete the session with no damage to his car and within a second and a half of Vergne. Blomqvist was scruffy and so ended up towards the back of the pack, while Prost's lap was ultra smooth but lacked pace, leaving the Frenchman outside of the top ten. d'Ambrosio was solid after a stunning sector two run, although his effort was instantly eclipsed by Engel, who leapt into third overall after a stunning run in sector three.
Lotterer was the first man onto the circuit in Super Pole, with the German's Techeetah suffering a huge lock-up into turn one. The rest of the lap was clean, however, and so Lotterer recorded a healthy 1:01.487, three tenths quicker than he had managed earlier. Unfortunately for him Bird was able to do the same on his ultra smooth lap, with the Brit moving ahead by half a tenth.
Next out was Engel, whose lap of two halves ultimately saw him fall shy compatriot Lotterer in the final sector. da Costa was next but threw his effort away almost immediately by running wide in turn one, before Vergne took to the circuit as favourite. Indeed, the Parisian was in top form as he weaved his Techeetah around the circuit, although it took a stunning final sector by Vergne to claim pole position, a 1:01.144 his ultimate pace.
The final qualifying results for the 2018 Paris E-Prix are outlined below:
|2018 Paris E-Prix Qualifying Result|
|2nd||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:01.421||+0.277s||2||G1|
|4th||5||Maro Engel||Venturi Formula E Team||1:01.541||+0.397s||4||G4|
|5th||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||1:02.805||+1.661s||5||G3|
|2nd||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||1:01.563||+0.055s||SP||G3|
|3rd||5||Maro Engel||Venturi Formula E Team||1:01.756||+0.248s||SP||G4|
|4th||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||1:01.771||+0.263s||SP||G1|
|6th||1||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:01.823||+0.315s||6||G2|
|7th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||1:01.836||+0.328s||7||G4|
|8th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||1:01.837||+0.329s||8||G1|
|9th||16||Oliver Turvey||NIO Formula E Team||1:01.888||+0.380s||9||G2|
|10th||6||José María López||Dragon Racing||1:01.902||+0.394s||10||G3|
|11th||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||1:02.012||+0.504s||11||G1|
|12th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||1:02.058||+0.550s||12||G3|
|13th||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||1:02.092||+0.584s||13||G4|
|14th*||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||1:02.122||+0.614s||20||G2|
|15th||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:02.125||+0.617s||14||G1|
|16th||36||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||1:02.139||+0.631s||15||G3|
|17th||27||Tom Blomqvist||Andretti Formula E||1:02.823||+1.315s||16||G4|
|18th†||4||Edoardo Mortara||Venturi Formula E Team||1:02.834||+1.326s||19||G3|
|19th||68||Ma Qing Hua||NIO Formula E Team||1:02.998||+1.490s||17||G4|
|110% Time: 1:07.658|
|NC‡||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Jaguar Racing||—||18||G2|
- * Evans handed a ten place grid penalty for changing a gearbox.
- † Mortara awarded a three place grid penalty for speeding under red flags in practice.
- ‡ Piquet would be allowed to start after failing to set a time.
It was a relatively cool late April afternoon in Paris ahead of the E-Prix, with the air temperature around 16°C. The lack of temperature would help to keep batteries cool, although with almost 50 laps to cover in less than hour, energy consumption would be a major issue for the drivers throughout the race. Indeed, it was deemed vital that a driver make it right to half-distance or beyond to even consider making it to the chequered flag.
Parisian pole sitter Jean-Éric Vergne would make a perfect getaway from the grid to jump into the lead, leaving Sam Bird to fend off the attention's of Vergne's teammate André Lotterer. Indeed, the German very nearly managed to grab second by squeezing Bird towards the inside barrier, although the Brit got his elbows out and retained his position. The rest of the field squeezed through in their wake while, at the back of the field, Ma Qing Hua was stuck on the grid having failed to move at all.
Ultimately, Ma's unmoving NIO would result in a Full Course Yellow, although that would only be thrown after a pile-up in turn seven. Indeed, it was inevitable that the there would be some rubbing in the middle of the pack on the opening lap, although when the cars on the inside of turn seven came to a near complete stop, there was little chance for those at the back to take action. Indeed, as Nicolas Prost came to a near-complete stop, an unsighted Tom Blomqvist came charging into the back of him, while an equally blinded Mitch Evans careened into the Andretti.
The result was a lot of damaged bodywork lying across the circuit at turn seven, with Prost losing his rear wing, Evans his front wing, and Blomqvist losing both ends of his bodywork. There was therefore little choice but to call for a FCY to recover the damage, while Ma was still trying to get his car moving as the leaders came past him having completed lap one. The Chinese racer ultimately got underway as the final car passed, while Evans and Blomqvist came in to have their bodywork changed.
Once the largest pieces of Andretti, Renault e.Dams and Jaguar were removed the race was back underway, with Vergne and Bird instantly sprinting clear at the start of lap three. Behind, António Félix da Costa would lose out Sébastien Buemi at the restart, before losing it all on his own at turn eight, disappearing down the escape road. The Portuguese racer was then seen to climb out of his cockpit, his Andretti having suffered a suspected brake failure.
Lotterer would soon regain the ground he had lost to Vergne and Bird at the restart, while Lucas di Grassi and Buemi found themselves stuck behind a very defensive Maro Engel. That fact meant that they would steadily be caught by Daniel Abt, who was on the war-path after completing identical dives on Jérôme d'Ambrosio, Felix Rosenqvist, José María López and Oliver Turvey to climb into seventh by the end of lap ten. The German's move on López was the most impressive of the bunch, with Abt surviving the Argentine's attempts to squeeze him into the wall heading into the braking zone to snatch eighth at the time.
Back with the leaders and as half distance, and more importantly the pitwindow, approached, Bird decided it was finally time to attack Vergne for the lead. Yet, while the Brit could carry more speed into and through the first corner, Vergne's Techeetah was stronger on the exit of the final corner, meaning the DS Virgin was too far back to challenge on the brakes. Indeed, after one half look at Vergne, Bird would compromise his run through to the next overtaking point at turn eight, with Lotterer almost running into the barriers as he tried to take advantage.
That Lotterer lunge ultimately signalled the start of the pit activity, with Vergne, Bird and the German entering the pits nose-to-tail at the end of lap 24. Engel would follow them in releasing di Grassi and Buemi, with Abt, Nick Heidfeld, Edoardo Mortara, Nelson Piquet Jr. and Ma to all stay out. The majority of them would come in at the end of lap 25, while di Grassi and Buemi would stay out until the end of lap 26, briefly getting caught behind Rosenqvist as the Swede rejoined from his earlier stop.
Mortara would stay out a lap longer than anyone else, with Vergne regaining his lead once the Italian-Swiss racer headed for his change. His lead had effectively grown during the stop, leaving a second clear of Bird, while Lotterer had lost ground in third. They were now chased by di Grassi, who had to fend off a challenge from Engel into turn one after leaving the pits, while Abt had pulled right onto the back of Buemi having stopped a lap before the Swiss racer. Mortara, meanwhile, would rejoin in twelfth, but with a huge three lap advantage in terms of energy reserves over his nearest combatants.
The following laps would see the fights throughout the field slowly develop, with di Grassi closing in on Bird and Lotterer, while Abt closed in on Engel and Buemi. Behind Rosenqvist moved into the top eight with a move on Turvey, selling the NIO a dummy into turn one, with López trying to follow through but no avail. They were being chased hard by Mortara after the Swiss racer swept past d'Ambrosio, although Mortara almost ended his race prematurely with a brush against the wall on the exit of the final corner.
With fourteen laps to go Lotterer was finally in position to attack Bird properly, throwing a dummy at the Brit into turn one. Bird ignored it but made a mistake on the exit of turn seven, allowing Lotterer to draft up alongside the back of the Virgin as they hit the brakes for turn eight. Lotterer braked so late that he locked both axles as he tried to get his car up the inside of Bird, and duly slithered to a near stop right on the apex of the corner. Indeed, the Techeetah almost completely blocked the track as Lotterer scrambled at the wheel to get the car turned, with Bird smacking the back of the German as he tried to get cut back inside Lotterer on the exit.
Indeed, although Lotterer's move had worked to get him into second, it had also allowed di Grassi to close right onto the back of himself and Bird, with a fair energy advantage. Furthermore, the Brazilian would have momentum on his side, and before Bird could regain his rhythm di Grassi sent his Audi up the inside of the Virgin into turn one. He duly went chasing off after Lotterer, leaving Bird to fall into the sights of Engel and co. behind, annoyed at Lotterer's lunge.
Into the final ten laps and Mortara's promising race came to an end, the Venturi sliding into the barriers at turn eight having just moved past López. Replays revealed that the incident had been almost entirely the Swiss racer's fault, for although his slide into the barrier had been assisted by the López, it was only because the Venturi had tried to squeeze the Dragon to the inside of the track in the braking zone. Fortunately for Mortara he would hit the barriers at almost no speed at all, although he would drop to thirteenth before he rejoined the fray.
Ahead, di Grassi threw his first move against Lotterer with five laps to go, just as teammate Abt used FanBoost to squeeze past Buemi into turn one. It was an excellent move by the German, who elbowed his way between the Renault and the wall to claim the inside line for the first corner, before Buemi relented and gave the German space. Abt duly went on to attack his compatriot Engel ahead, although the Venturi was in even more of defensive posture than the Renault.
Heading into the final lap and Lotterer was in trouble with his energy use, almost 2% shy of the total he would need to complete the final tour at full pace. Furthermore, his antics on the penultimate lap had only served to wind up di Grassi behind, after the German squeezed the Brazilian into the wall through turn seven, with both narrowly avoiding contact. Yet, the ploy would work to give Lotterer some breathing room, with the German starting the final lap with a small advantage over di Grassi.
However, having survived without getting attacked into both the first and eighth corners, Lotterer found that he was effectively out of energy, and had to get right off the throttle. di Grassi duly flashed past to gain second, crossing line five seconds behind winner Vergne, while Bird, Engel, Abt and Buemi closed rapidly as Lotterer rolled towards the finish line. Indeed, the German was within sight of the final corner when Bird came up behind, with the Brit jinking to the left of the rolling Techeetah to move into third.
Yet, Lotterer would deliberately move to the left to block the Virgin's charge, and so Bird duly slammed into the rear-left of the Techeetah, ripping the front right corner from his car. Furious, but still moving, Bird would cross the line in third ahead of Engel, while Abt got caught on the wrong side of the Techeetah as it moved back across the track after getting slammed by Bird. That allowed Buemi to jump into fifth across the line, while Abt found himself trailing the Techeetah across the line.
The dramatic events of the final lap would somewhat overshadow the fact that Vergne had claimed an emotional home victory, extending his lead in the Championship. di Grassi was a satisfied second, although irate at the Frenchman's teammate, with Bird likewise furious with Lotterer's actions despite finishing third. A post-race investigation would ultimately allow Bird to keep third and Lotterer sixth, although the German would receive a grid penalty for the Berlin E-Prix as a result of his conduct.
The final classification of the 2018 Paris E-Prix is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold:
|2018 Paris E-Prix Race Result|
|Pos.||No.||Name||Team||Laps||Race Time||Fastest lap||Pts.|
|2nd||1||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||49||+4.882s||1:02.367||19|
|3rd||2||Sam Bird||DS Virgin Racing||49||+8.897s||1:03.084||15|
|4th||5||Maro Engel||Venturi Formula E Team||49||+9.287s||1:03.018||12|
|5th||9||Sébastien Buemi||Renault e.Dams||49||+10.194s||1:02.762||10|
|7th||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||49||+13.918s||1:02.753||6|
|8th||19||Felix Rosenqvist||Mahindra Racing||49||+15.271s||1:03.072||4|
|9th||16||Oliver Turvey||NIO Formula E Team||49||+19.557s||1:03.170||2|
|10th||6||José María López||Dragon Racing||49||+20.989s||1:02.963||1|
|11th||23||Nick Heidfeld||Mahindra Racing||49||+21.698s||1:02.813|
|12th||7||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Dragon Racing||49||+26.723s||1:02.979|
|14th||36||Alex Lynn||DS Virgin Racing||49||+43.112s||1:03.174|
|15th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||49||+43.989s||1:02.844|
|16th||8||Nicolas Prost||Renault e.Dams||48||+1 Lap||1:02.851|
|17th||68||Ma Qing Hua||NIO Formula E Team||46||+3 Laps||1:04.319|
|Ret||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Jaguar Racing||32||Retired||1:03.294|
|Ret||27||Tom Blomqvist||Andretti Formula E||32||Damage||1:03.516|
|Ret||28||António Félix da Costa||Andretti Formula E||2||Brakes||1:38.730|
- Indicates a driver was awarded FanBoost during the race.
- Fortieth E-Prix for Nick Heidfeld.
- Twentieth E-Prix for Felix Rosenqvist and Mitch Evans.
- Alex Lynn started his tenth E-Prix.
- Ma Qing Hua started an E-Prix for the first time since the 2016 Buenos Aires ePrix.
- Fourth career win for Jean-Éric Vergne.
- Techeetah claimed their fourth victory as an entrant.
- Renault earned their fifteenth triumph as a powertrain manufacturer.
Victory ensured that Jean-Éric Vergne moved over thirty points clear at the top of the Championship, although his advantage over Sam Bird would have been higher but for the last corner confusion. The Brit was himself thirty points clear of Felix Rosenqvist in third, who was slowly slipping back towards Sébastien Buemi in fourth. Lucas di Grassi was the big winner as he moved into the top five, while Maro Engel shot up the table after his best ever result.
Techeetah continued to lead the way in the Teams' Championship, extending their advantage over DS Virgin Racing up to 55 points. Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler, meanwhile, were also making ground as they climbed into the top three, relegating Mahindra Racing down to fourth. Jaguar Racing remained in fifth but seemed to be slipping away, while Renault e.Dams found themselves with less than half the number of points than customers Techeetah in sixth.
Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 'Qatar Airways becomes title sponsor of Formula E races', gulf-times.com, (Gulf Times, 23/01/2018), http://www.gulf-times.com/story/579131/Qatar-Airways-becomes-title-sponsor-of-Formula-E-r, (Accessed 23/01/2018)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 'More compact Season 4 calendar revealed', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 19/06/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/june/more-compact-season-4-calendar-revealed/, (Accessed 19/06/2017)
- ↑ 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 'Fairytale ending for home race hero Vergne in Paris', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/04/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/april/fairytale-ending-for-home-race-hero-vergne-in-paris/, (Accessed 29/04/2018)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 'Home race hero Vergne on Pole in Paris', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/04/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/april/home-race-hero-vergne-on-pole-in-paris/, (Accessed 29/04/2018)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 'Ma Qing Hua gets NIO drive for Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/04/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/april/ma-qing-hua-gets-nio-drive-for-qatar-airways-paris-e-prix/, (Accessed 17/04/2018)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Alex Kalinauckas, 'All nine Formula E manufacturers complete Gen2 car test at Calafat', autosport.com, (Motorsport Network, 19/04/2018), https://www.autosport.com/fe/news/135501/nine-fe-manufacturers-complete-second-group-test, (Accessed 19/04/2018)
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 'Evans gets 10-place grid penalty for gearbox change', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 27/04/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/april/evans-gets-10-place-grid-penalty-for-gearbox-change/, (Accessed 28/04/2018)
- ↑ 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 '2018 Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix: Group Qualifying results revealed', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 27/04/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/april/2018-qatar-airways-paris-e-prix-group-qualifying-results-revealed/, (Accessed 28/04/2018)
- ↑ @FIAFormulaE, 'Time to get voting in #FANBOOST', twitter.com, (Twitter: ABB Formula E, 23/04/2018), https://twitter.com/FIAFormulaE/status/988450595379011584, (Accessed 24/04/2018)
- ↑ 'Season 4: official team & driver entry list confirmed', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 03/11/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/october/season-4-official-team-driver-entry-list-confirmed/, (Accessed 03/11/2017)
- ↑ 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 'Qualifying: 2018 Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix', youtube.com, (YouTube: ABB Formula E, 28/04/2018), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aU1DKC9rsIA, (Accessed 28/04/2018)
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 'Round 8 - Paris ePrix: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 28/04/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/03_2017-18/09_R08%20Paris/85_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/29_R08%20Paris%20Booklet.pdf, (Accessed 28/04/2018)
- ↑ 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.14 13.15 13.16 13.17 13.18 13.19 13.20 13.21 13.22 13.23 13.24 13.25 13.26 13.27 13.28 13.29 13.30 13.31 13.32 13.33 13.34 13.35 13.36 13.37 13.38 13.39 13.40 13.41 13.42 13.43 13.44 13.45 13.46 13.47 13.48 13.49 13.50 13.51 13.52 13.53 13.54 ABB Formula E, 'Extended Highlights: Paris 2018 Qatar Airways Paris E-Prix', youtube.com, (YouTube: FIA ABB Formula E, 06/05/2018), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rcqzdO5rkqY&index=15&list=PLiSlrzIEN5WJ37ErWHccCc6vWnqE34gXV, (Accessed 21/05/2018)
- ↑ Alex Kalinauckas, 'Paris Formula E: Lotterer penalised, slammed by Bird and di Grassi', autosport.com, (Motorsport Network, 28/04/2018), https://www.autosport.com/fe/news/135668/lotterer-penalised-and-slammed-by-rivals, (Accessed 30/04/2018)