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2018 Valencia Test
Circuit Ricardo Tormo
The single chicaned Circuit Ricardo Tormo
Test Information
Date 16 - 19 October 2018
Location Flag of Spain Circuit Ricardo Tormo, Valencia, Spain
Lap length 3.094km (1.923mi)[1]
Fastest Lap
Driver Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa
Time Day Laps
1:16.977 2 180
Testing Guide
Previous
2018 Rookie Test
Next
2018 Ad Diriyah Test

The 2018 Valencia Test is an upcoming pre-season test, set to be staged at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo on the 16 - 19 October 2018.[2] The three-day Test will be the only public pre-season test to feature all eleven teams ahead of the 2018/19 ABB FIA Formula E Championship, and the final test ahead of the season opening 2018 Ad Diriyah E-Prix.[2]

The test came to be dominated by BMW i Andretti Motorsport in terms of outright pace, with Alexander Sims and António Félix da Costa setting the pace across all three days.[3] The Portuguese ace also set the outright fastest time of the test, a 1:16.977, with the pair also recording 374 laps between them.[4]

In terms of distance, however, it was 2014/15 Champion Nelson Piquet Jr. who worked hardest, with 246 laps registered for the #3 Jaguar I-Type III. The Jaguar squad as a whole also covered the most number of laps of any team with Piquet and teammate Mitch Evans combining to cover 442 tours around Valencia.

There would also be a full race simulation following the new race format of 45 minutes plus one lap, staged on the second day of the test.[5] The unofficial victory would go to Lucas di Grassi ahead of Sims, Daniel Abt and da Costa, with Audi also emerging as the manufacturer with the most laps across the three days.[5]

BackgroundEdit

After the successful debut of the Circuit Ricardo Tormo as the main FIA Formula E test venue back in 2017, the Valencia based circuit was once again selected to host the pre-season test for the 2018/19 season.[2] The circuit itself would be restored to the layout used for the majority of the 2017 Test, with two temporary chicanes installed on the start/finish straight to better resemble a street circuit.[2] Indeed, the only differences between the 2017 and 2018 tests would be off circuit, with new cars and drivers, as well as the public debut of an eleventh FE team.[6]

Entry ListEdit

Below is a complete entry list for the full 2018 Valencia Test across each day:

2018 Valencia Test Entry List
No. Name Entrant Constructor Car Days
2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird[7] Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing Audi e-tron FE05 All
3 Flag of Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr.[8] Flag of the United Kingdom Panasonic Jaguar Racing Jaguar I-Type III All
4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns[9] Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing Audi e-tron FE05 All
5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne[10] Flag of Germany HWA Racelab Venturi VFE 05 1-2
Flag of Spain Daniel Juncadella[11] 3
6 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther[12] Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon Penske EV-3 All
Flag of Italy Antonio Fuoco[11] 1, 3
7 Flag of Argentina José María López[12] Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon Penske EV-3 All
8 Flag of France Tom Dillmann[13] Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team NIO Sport 004 All
11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi[14] Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Audi e-tron FE05 All
16 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey[13] Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team NIO Sport 004 All
17 Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Paffett[15] Flag of Germany HWA Racelab Venturi VFE 05 All
19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa[16] Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team Venturi VFE 05 All
20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans[8] Flag of the United Kingdom Panasonic Jaguar Racing Jaguar I-Type III All
22 Flag of Thailand Alexander Albon[17] Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams Nissan IM01 1
Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Rowland[18] 3
23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi[19] Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams Nissan IM01 All
25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne[20] Flag of China DS-Techeetah DS E-Tense FE 19 All
27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims[21] Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport BMW iFE.18 All
28 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa[21] Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport BMW iFE.18 All
36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer[20] Flag of China DS-Techeetah DS E-Tense FE 19 All
48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara[22] Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team Venturi VFE 05 All
64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio[23] Flag of India Mahindra Racing Mahindra M5Electro All
66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt[14] Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Audi e-tron FE05 All
94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein[24] Flag of India Mahindra Racing Mahindra M5Electro All
Source:[11]

Day OneEdit

It proved to be a warm autumnal afternoon in Valencia for the opening day of pre-season testing, with no threat of rain in spite of the grey skies.[25] The hours before the 9:00am start time were spent with a series of press announcements, with Mahindra Racing confirming that they had signed Pascal Wehrlein for the season.[24] Likewise, Dragon confirmed their plans to run Maximilian Günther and Antonio Fuoco at the test, while Alexander Albon's position was put in doubt when a group of Red Bull representatives arrived to speak with the Thai driver about a possible seat in Formula One.[26]

ReportEdit

BMW got their maiden FE campaign underway in brilliant fashion, with both Alexander Sims and António Félix da Costa setting the pace early on.[25] Indeed, it was the debutante Sims who ended the morning fastest, a 1:17.567 smashing the old unofficial circuit record in Valencia, well before the end of the session.[25] da Costa was less than a tenth and a half behind in second, with the former subsequently improving in the afternoon to a 1:17.553.[25]

Only André Lotterer would get in-between the two BMWs at the top of the field, a late effort of 1:17.654 in the afternoon session leaving him second ahead of da Costa.[25] Elsewhere, Lucas di Grassi came close to slipping ahead of the Portuguese ace, ending the afternoon with a 1:17.732, backed up by teammate Daniel Abt a tenth further back.[25] Jérôme d'Ambrosio also managed to break into the 1:17.000s before the end of the afternoon, with defending Champion Jean-Éric Vergne ending the day a fraction shy.[25]

Into the stragglers and Gary Paffett endured a difficult start to his FE career, sliding into the chicane shortly before the end of the morning session to cause a red flag.[25] His new teammate Stoffel Vandoorne showed more promise, only to encounter technical troubles in the second HWA run Venturi.[25] Likewise, an issue for Günther in the morning denied Fuoco any running in the #6 Dragon in afternoon, while Sébastien Buemi was forced to run two cars as Nissan refused to let Albon drive until his future was sorted.[26]

ResultEdit

Below is the full result from the first day of the 2018 Valencia Test:

2018 Valencia Test Day One Times
Pos. No. Name Team Laps Time Gap
S1 S2
1st 27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport 74 1:17.567 1:17.553
2nd 36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of China DS Techeetah 69 1:18.277 1:17.654 +0.101s
3rd 28 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport 82 1:17.734 1:17.727 +0.174s
4th 11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 78 1:17.739 1:17.732 +0.179s
5th 66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 85 1:18.513 1:17.819 +0.266s
6th 64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing 60 1:19.535 1:17.987 +0.434s
7th 25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah 44 1:18.033 1:18.035 +0.480s
8th 23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams 35 1:18.902 1:18.100 +0.547s
9th 7 Flag of Argentina José María López Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 62 1:20.631 1:18.154 +0.601s
10th 19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 71 1:19.140 1:18.176 +0.623s
11th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 49 1:18.732 1:18.456 +0.903s
12th 8 Flag of France Tom Dillmann Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 66 1:19.300 1:18.504 +0.951s
13th 94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing 35 1:20.915 1:18.606 +1.053s
14th 4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 47 1:19.275 1:18.690 +1.137s
15th 48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 68 1:19.219 1:18.707 +1.154s
16th 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 72 1:18.747 1:22.711 +1.194s
17th 16 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 54 1:20.865 1:19.053 +1.500s
18th 17 Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Paffett Flag of Germany HWA Racelab 55 1:22.083 1:19.144 +1.591s
19th 5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne Flag of Germany HWA Racelab 13 1:21.023 +3.470s
20th 3 Flag of Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 93 1:21.629 1:23.286 +4.076s
21st 22 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams 16 1:21.883 +4.330s
22nd 6 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 3 1:32.242 +14.689s
NC* 22 Flag of Thailand Alexander Albon Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams 0
NC* 6 Flag of Italy Antonio Fuoco Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 0
Source:[27][28]
  • * Albon and Fuoco both failed to set a time in either session.

Day TwoEdit

The second day of testing in Valencia dawned much the same as the first, with similar temperatures and overcast, but clearing, skies.[4] There was, however, a late change to the schedule, with a race simulation scheduled for mid-afternoon, meaning the afternoon session would be split into two half-hour runouts.[4] There was also set to be a change to the entry list, with Oliver Rowland rumoured to be talking with Nissan for a drive, with Alexander Albon otherwise engaged negotiating with Toro Rosso and Nissan.[18]

ReportEdit

Ultimately, however, Rowland would not appear in the #22 car, meaning it was once again down to Sébastien Buemi to complete all of the work for Nissan.[4] The Swiss would manage to get in the top five in the final session, although he was half a second off the ultimate pace.[4] Indeed, it was António Félix da Costa who topped the timesheet, continuing BMW's domination of Valencia in pre-season.[4]

The Portuguese ace would smash teammate Alexander Sims' circuit record from day one, a 1:16.977 showing that the BMW iFE.18 was likely to be the car to beat over one lap.[4] Jean-Éric Vergne was next for DS Techeetah, albeit over a third of a second behind, with Jérôme d'Ambrosio third ahead of André Lotterer.[4] Yet, in-spite of the large gap between da Costa and his immediate challengers, there was just a second and a half separating the Portuguese ace from Nelson Piquet Jr. in nineteenth.[4]

Elsewhere, Antonio Fuoco got his first taste of the Spark SRT05e, a late change to the timetable at Dragon after their issues on day one.[4] The Italian was ultimately faster than Maximilian Günther in the same equipment, although the German would only get an hour in the car in the two afternoon sessions.[4] Stoffel Vandoorne, meanwhile, was struggling after a series of issues hampered his running, with teammate Gary Paffett also losing an alarming amount of track time in the #17 HWA Racelab.[4]

Race SimulationEdit

A full race simulation was also staged on Wednesday afternoon, using the new 45 minute plus one lap format.[5] The race started with a rolling start, although it was not long before a red flag was thrown for two issues.[5] Indeed, the first saw Daniel Abt demolish the chicane on the start/finish straight, while Vandoorne ground to a halt a few corners on.[5]

The race restarted with Buemi in the lead, although a FCY was required almost immediately after another collision at the chicane.[5] This time it was a nose-to-tail collision between Piquet, Pascal Wehrlein, Tom Dillmann and Felipe Massa, which left debris strewn across the tarmac.[5] Fortunately the race was resumed without much delay, although Buemi dropped out of the lead with an issue.[5]

Vergne duly inherited the lead, although he was being stalked by the two BMWs of da Costa and Sims.[5] The trio duly exchanged blows until the final ten minutes of the race, with Sims finally making a move stick on Vergne and duly pulled away.[5] Vergne duly dropped away having been passed by da Costa, forced to save energy, although the Frenchman's presence was to be replaced by another FE Champion.[5]

Indeed, the fighting out front had allowed Lucas di Grassi to move into contention, the Brazilian having been able to save energy as the fighting continued out front.[5] He duly went skating past da Costa with ease, before harassing Sims as the final minutes ticked away.[5] Yet, with one lap left it seemed as if Sims had managed to secure an unofficial victory, with di Grassi out of ideas.[5]

However, as the Brit exited the final corner his BMW failed to accelerate instantly, allowing di Grassi to sweep past and claim the test victory.[5] Abt copied his teammate's late charge to secure third behind Sims, with da Costa in fourth with clear air behind him.[5] Next up was Robin Frijns in a customer Audi e-tron FE05, Jérôme d'Ambrosio, Vergne, Günther, José María López and Wehrlein.[5]

ResultEdit

Below is the full result from the second day of the 2018 Valencia Test:

2018 Valencia Test Day Two Times
Pos. No. Name Team Laps Time Gap
S3 S4a S4b
1st 28 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport 53 1:16.977 1:17.634
2nd 25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah 50 1:17.398 1:20.706 1:17.342 +0.365s
3rd 64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing 41 1:17.431 1:20.134 +0.454s
4th 36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of China DS Techeetah 59 1:17.855 1:20.737 1:17.437 +0.460s
5th 23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams 40 1:23.943 1:17.773 1:17.473 +0.496s
6th 11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 59 1:17.535 1:18.009 +0.558s
7th 19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 56 1:17.696 1:23.088 1:18.050 +0.719s
8th 27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport 42 1:17.876 1:17.698 +0.721s
9th 48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 35 1:17.729 1:22.314 +0.752s
10th 94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing 45 1:17.781 1:20.543 +0.804s
11th 7 Flag of Argentina José María López Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 55 1:17.830 1:26.385 1:18.202 +0.853s
12th 66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 39 1:17.866 1:17.917 +0.899s
13th 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 44 1:17.975 1:21.355 1:18.117 +0.998s
14th 5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne Flag of Germany HWA Racelab 34 1:18.032 +1.055s
15th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 45 1:19.920 1:18.115 +1.138s
16th 8 Flag of France Tom Dillmann Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 50 1:18.236 1:23.906 1:18.217 +1.240s
17th 16 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 45 1:18.240 1:24.402 1:18.551 +1.263s
18th 4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 41 1:18.288 1:18.364 +1.311s
19th 3 Flag of Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 69 1:20.235 1:18.498 +1.521s
20th 6 Flag of Italy Antonio Fuoco Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 40 1:18.778 +1.801s
21st 17 Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Paffett Flag of Germany HWA Racelab 44 1:19.382 +2.405s
22nd 6 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 10 1:26.385 1:19.540 +2.563s
Source:[29][30][31]

Day ThreeEdit

The final day of pre-season testing dawned with miserable grey skies and heavy rain pounding the circuit, which only got heavier as the 9:00am start time approached.[3] Fortunately the worst of the weather would pass before the start of the session, although there would still be a steady stream of rain falling until the latter half of the morning session.[3] Like the conditions there would also be some changes to the entry list, with Oliver Rowland officially replacing Alexander Albon, and Daniel Juncadella stepping in for Stoffel Vandoorne, the latter swap having been planned since the start of the test.[11]

ReportEdit

Unsurprisingly the fastest times of the morning session would come towards the end of the session, with António Félix da Costa ultimately recording the best lap late on, a 1:24.870.[3] Jean-Éric Vergne was next, almost four tenths off, while Pascal Wehrlein got his Mahindra ahead of the second BMW of Alexander Sims.[3] The rest of the times tailed off from there, although barring a few spins there were no major incidents during the wet three hours.[3]

Into the afternoon session and the rain had gone, although the circuit was still drying out as the session got underway.[3] That ultimately caught out Rowland and Piquet, who lost a lot of time after issues in the opening hour of the session when the circuit was still wet.[3] They would, however, be recovered and rejoin the action later on, unlike Edoardo Mortara who was consigned to his garage for the entire session with an unspecified issue.[3]

At the head of the field, meanwhile, it was BMW which again proved to be the powertrain to beat, with Sims heading the timesheet for most of the session.[3] Indeed, the Brit ultimately ended the session fastest on an almost completely dry circuit, claiming a 1:17.402.[3] Vergne was once again second fastest, this time two tenths off the Brit, while Mitch Evans put in a strong effort to claim third with his best lap of the weekend.[3]

ResultEdit

Below is the full result from the third day of the 2018 Valencia Test:

2018 Valencia Test Day Three Times
Pos. No. Name Team Laps Time Gap
S5 S6
1st 27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport 78 1:25.567 1:17.402
2nd 25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah 68 1:25.258 1:17.620 +0.218s
3rd 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 80 1:27.489 1:17.864 +0.462s
4th 94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing 68 1:25.519 1:17.888 +0.486s
5th 6 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 72 1:26.524 1:17.947 +0.545s
6th 4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 91 1:29.887 1:18.088 +0.686s
7th 17 Flag of the United Kingdom Gary Paffett Flag of Germany HWA Racelab 53 1:28.011 1:18.164 +0.762s
8th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 74 1:25.912 1:18.219 +0.817s
9th 23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams 71 1:25.972 1:18.220 +0.818s
10th 11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 86 1:25.659 1:18.269 +0.867s
11th 7 Flag of Italy Antonio Fuoco Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 35 1:18.284 +0.882s
12th 64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing 57 1:28.163 1:18.409 +1.007s
13th 66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 66 1:28.906 1:18.479 +1.077s
14th 8 Flag of France Tom Dillmann Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 68 1:27.921 1:18.778 +1.376s
15th 16 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO Formula E Team 63 1:27.950 1:19.083 +1.681s
16th 19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 69 1:26.027 1:19.328 +1.926s
17th 5 Flag of Spain Daniel Juncadella Flag of Germany HWA Racelab 71 1:26.655 1:19.353 +1.951s
18th 22 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Rowland Flag of Japan Nissan e.Dams 85 1:27.705 1:20.416 +3.014s
19th 3 Flag of Brazil Nelson Piquet Jr. Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 84 1:26.978 1:21.997 +4.595s
20th 36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of China DS Techeetah 89 1:26.571 1:23.048 +5.646s
21st 28 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of Germany BMW i Andretti Motorsport 45 1:24.870 1:23.121 +5.719s
22nd 7 Flag of Argentina José María López Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 35 1:26.872 +9.470s
23rd 48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Formula E Team 9 1:29.024 +11.622s
Source:[32]

ReferencesEdit

Videos and Images:

References:
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  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 'Dates revealed and doors open to the public for Valencia pre-season testing', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 22/08/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/august/dates-revealed-and-doors-open-to-the-public-for-valencia-pre-season-testing/, (Accessed 23/08/2018)
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  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 'BMW fastest again with da Costa toping the timesheets', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/bmw-fastest-again-with-da-costa-toping-the-timesheets/, (Accessed 19/10/2018)
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 Tropher Smith, 'DI GRASSI PIPS SIMS IN SIMULATION RACE', e-racing.net, (E-Racing, 17/10/2018), https://www.e-racing.net/2018/10/17/di-grassi-pips-sims-in-simulation-race/, (Accessed 19/10/2018)
  6. 'HWA AG join the Formula E grid for Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/05/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/may/hwa-ag-join-the-formula-e-grid-for-season-5/, (Accessed 09/05/2018)
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  10. 'Stoffel Vandoorne completes HWA RACELAB’s driver line up', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/stoffel-vandoorne-completes-hwa-racelab-s-driver-line-up/, (Accessed 15/10/2018)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 'Entry list announced ahead of pre-season testing', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/entry-list-announced-ahead-of-pre-season-testing/, (Accessed 15/10/2018)
  12. 12.0 12.1 Sam Smith, 'Dragon Confirms Lopez Return', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC. 11/10/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/dragon-confirms-lopez-return/, (Accessed 11/10/2018)
  13. 13.0 13.1 'Dillmann and Turvey to drive for NIO Formula E Team', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/dillmann-and-turvey-to-drive-for-nio-formula-e-team/, (Accessed 08/10/2018)
  14. 14.0 14.1 'Daniel Abt confirmes drive with Audi in Season 5', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/06/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/june/daniel-abt-confirmes-drive-with-audi-in-season-5/, (Accessed 09/06/2018)
  15. 'Paffett to drive for HWA Racelab', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 08/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/paffett-to-drive-for-hwa-racelab/, (Accessed 08/10/2018)
  16. 'Felipe Massa joins Venturi driver line up for Season 5', fiaformuale.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/05/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/may/felipe-massa-joins-venturi-driver-line-up-for-season-5/, (Accessed 15/05/2018)
  17. 'Buemi and Albon lined up for Nissan e.dams debut season', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 20/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/buemi-and-albon-lined-up-for-nissan-edams-debut-season/, (Accessed 20/09/2018)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Sam Smith, 'Rowland Set to Replace Albon for Valencia Test', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, 17/08/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/rowland-set-to-replace-albon-for-valencia-test/, (Accessed 17/10/2018)
  19. 'Prost Exits Renault e.dams', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 12/06/2018), http://e-racing365.com/formula-e/prost-exits-renault-e-dams/, (Accessed 17/06/2018)
  20. 20.0 20.1 Tobias von Bluhm. 'Exklusiv: Andre Lotterer bestätigt Techeetah-Vertrag für 5. Formel-E-Saison', e-formel.de, (e-Formel, 02/05/2018), https://e-formel.de/news/formel-e-lotterer-bestaetigt-techeetah-vertrag-fuer-saison-5-3514.html, (Accessed 07/05/2018)
  21. 21.0 21.1 'BMW takes covers off season five challenger', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 14/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/bmw-takes-covers-off-season-five-challenger/, (Accessed 14/09/2018)
  22. 'Mortara to race alongside Massa at VENTURI', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 11/09/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/september/mortara-to-race-alongside-massa-at-venturi/, (Accessed 11/09/2018)
  23. Sam Smith, 'Mahindra Signs d’Ambrosio, Wehrlein Favorite as Teammate', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 14/10/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/mahindra-signs-dambrosio-wehrlein-favorite-as-teammate/, (Accessed 14/10/2018)
  24. 24.0 24.1 Sam Smith, 'Wehrlein makes Formula E move with Mahindra', eurosport.co.uk, (Eurosport, 16/10/2018), https://www.eurosport.co.uk/formula-e/wehrlein-makes-formula-e-move-with-mahindra_sto6973387/story.shtml, (Accessed 16/10/2018)
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 25.8 'Sims sets the pace at pre-season testing in Valencia', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 16/10/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/october/sims-sets-the-pace-at-pre-season-testing-in-valencia/, (Accessed 18/10/2018)
  26. 26.0 26.1 'Albon is favourite for Toro Rosso drive', planetf1.com, (Planet F1, 17/10/2018), https://www.planetf1.com/news/albon-emerges-as-favourite-for-toro-rosso-drive/, (Accessed 18/10/2018)
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  28. 'Valencia Testing - Test session 2', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 16/10/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/04_2018-19/00_Valencia%20Testing/92_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/201810161400_Test%20session%202/03_Classification_Test%20session%202.PDF, (Accessed 16/10/2018)
  29. 'Valencia Testing - Test session 3', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/10/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/04_2018-19/00_Valencia%20Testing/92_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/201810170900_Test%20session%203/03_Classification_Test%20session%203.PDF, (Accessed 17/10/2018)
  30. 'Valencia Testing - Test session 4a', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/10/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/04_2018-19/00_Valencia%20Testing/92_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/201810171400_Test%20session%204a/03_Classification_Test%20session%204a.PDF, (Accessed 17/10/2018)
  31. 'Valencia Testing - Test session 4b', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/10/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/04_2018-19/00_Valencia%20Testing/92_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/201810171648_Test%20session%204b/03_Classification_Test%20session%204b.PDF, (Accessed 17/10/2018)
  32. 'Valencia Testing: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 19/10/2018), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/04_2018-19/00_Valencia%20Testing/92_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/Valencia%20Testing%20Booklet.pdf, (Accessed 19/10/2018)
2018/19 ABB FIA Formula E Championship
Entrants
Audi Sport ABT SchaefflerBMW i Andretti MotorsportDS TecheetahEnvision Virgin RacingGEOX DRAGONHWA RacelabMahindra RacingNIO Formula E TeamNissan e.DamsPanasonic Jaguar RacingVenturi Formula E Team
Manufacturers
AudiBMWDSJaguarMahindra & MahindraNIONissanPenskeVenturi
Cars
Spark SRT05e
Audi e-tron FE05BMW iFE.18DS E-Tense FE 19Jaguar I-Type IIIMahindra M5ElectroNIO Sport 004Nissan IM01Penske EV-3Venturi VFE 05
Drivers
2 Sam Bird • 3 Nelson Piquet Jr./Alex Lynn • 4 Robin Frijns • 5 Stoffel Vandoorne • 6 Maximilian Günther/Felipe Nasr • 7 José María López • 8 Tom Dillmann • 11 Lucas di Grassi • 16 Oliver Turvey • 17 Gary Paffett • 19 Felipe Massa • 20 Mitch Evans • 22 Oliver Rowland • 23 Sébastien Buemi • 25 Jean-Éric Vergne • 27 Alexander Sims • 28 António Félix da Costa • 36 André Lotterer • 48 Edoardo Mortara • 64 Jérôme d'Ambrosio • 66 Daniel Abt • 94 Pascal Wehrlein/Felix Rosenqvist
E-Prix
Ad DiriyahMarrakechSantiagoMexico CityHong KongSanyaRomeParisMonacoBerlinBernNew York City INew York City II
Tests
ValenciaAd DiriyahRookie TestMexico City
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