|2019 Marrakech E-Prix|
The Circuit Moulay El Hassan in 2019
|Date||12 January 2019|
|Official Name||2019 ABB Formula E Marrakech E-Prix|
|Location||Circuit Moulay El Hassan, Marrakech, Morocco|
|Lap length||2.971 km (1.846 mi)|
|Distance||31 laps / 92.101 km (57.229 mi)|
|Pole Sitter||Sam Bird|
|Team||Envision Virgin Racing|
|Driver||Lucas di Grassi|
|Team||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler|
|Fastest Lap||1:20.296 on lap 31|
|Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Robin Frijns||Sam Bird|
|Winner Team||Mahindra Racing|
|2018 Ad Diriyah E-Prix||2019 Santiago E-Prix|
|Post-Race Test||2019 Rookie Test|
Qualifying saw Sam Bird claim a dramatic pole position for Virgin Racing, edging out Jean-Éric Vergne despite carrying damage to his diffuser after a bizarre accident in the pit lane. Championship leader António Félix da Costa was next, but was given a retroactive penalty, meaning Sébastien Buemi and Alexander Sims shared the second row.
It would be a dramatic start to the race, with Bird initially sprinting clear, only for a lunging Vergne to try a massively ambitious dive inside the Brit through turn one. Unsurprisingly Vergne, who was all over the inside kerb in his attempts to elbow his way inside the Virgin, was tipped into a spin, with the rest of the field scattering around the pirouetting Techeetah.
The resulting melee saw the two HWAs take each other out, while debutante Pascal Wehrlein received a terminal punt from Lucas di Grassi. Out front, meanwhile, Bird was able to escape at the head of the field, with Sims and da Costa leading the chase.
It soon became clear that Bird lacked the pace of the BMW i Andretti Motorsport cars, which soon pulled onto the back of the Virgin. They were joined by Robin Frijns, di Grassi and Jérôme d'Ambrosio, with an intense fight developing between them as other drivers sought to use Attack Mode for the first time.
Bird's hopes of victory would all but disappear shortly before half-distance, with all five of his immediate challengers barging past in the space of two laps. Indeed, having been released from the stubborn Virgin ahead, da Costa and Sims would escape up the road, leaving Frijns to defend third from d'Ambrosio, who was only getting stronger as the race went on.
Indeed, canny use of Attack Mode from the Belgian saw him lead the group back towards the leading BMWs, causing some panic in the BMW Andretti pitbox. That resulted in a major communication error, with Sims told to pass da Costa, only for the Portuguese racer to try and defend the lead into turn seven. The two BMWs locked up and duly slid off the circuit, with Sims scrambling back on in fourth, while da Costa smashed into the outside wall.
That resulted in a late appearance from the BMW Qualcomm i8 safety car, which would release new race leader d'Ambrosio at the start of the final lap for a single lap sprint. Ultimately d'Ambrosio would fend off two lunges from Frijns to claim his third career win, while Bird kept Sims at bay to hold onto the final podium spot.
The Marrakech E-Prix returned for a third consecutive season during 2018/19, with the field once again making the trip to the Circuit Moulay El Hassan in mid-January. The circuit itself remained unchanged from the visit in 2018, with the new Attack Mode activation point set to be placed around the outside of turn one, a natural overtaking spot. The race was also set to be followed by the annual Rookie Test, designed to allow drivers others than those in FE to sample an FE car in hopes of securing a seat for 2019/20.
In terms of the entry list there would be one expected change after the Ad Diriyah E-Prix, with Pascal Wehrlein able to make his FE debut with Mahindra Racing. The German's contractual arrangements with Mercedes had prevented him from taking part at the season opener, meaning Mahindra had to persuade former driver Felix Rosenqvist back for a one-off race. Unfortunately the Swede's farewell drive did not end well, retiring early on in Ad Diriyah, although Katherine Legge had a near trouble free run in the #94 car during the 2018 Ad Diriyah Test.
Into the early Championship standings and pole and victory at the season opening round had ensured that it was António Félix da Costa who led the charge, having left Ad Diriyah with a ten point advantage. Jean-Éric Vergne was second, three ahead of Jérôme d'Ambrosio, while Mitch Evans was a point ahead of fastest lap setter André Lotterer. Sébastien Buemi and Oliver Rowland were next ahead of Daniel Abt, while Brazilian rivals Lucas di Grassi and Nelson Piquet Jr. completed the early top ten.
In the Teams Championship it was DS Techeetah who led the way after the first bout of the season, a point clear of the race winning BMW i Andretti Motorsport squad. It was then a comparatively huge thirteen point gap back to third placed Mahindra Racing, with Nissan e.Dams and Jaguar Racing glued to their tail. Reigning Champions Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler, meanwhile, had opened their title defence in sixth, the last of the point scoring teams at the opening round.
The full entry list for the 2019 Marrakech E-Prix is displayed below:
Qualifying for the third Marrakech E-Prix would return to the standard format, with the field split into four groups based on Championship position. Each group would get a six minute period on track, allowing all 22 drivers to set one full power lap. The fastest six overall would then progress to the Super Pole shootout, going out one-by-one to set another full power lap to try and take pole position.
Group one would see the top five in the Championship head out together, with António Félix da Costa and Jean-Éric Vergne expected to duel for the fastest lap of the group. They were joined by Jérôme d'Ambrosio in the first Mahindra, Mitch Evans for Jaguar Racing, both of whom would hope to hold on to their positions as the other groups took part. The quintet was completed by Vergne's teammate André Lotterer in the #36 Techeetah.
It was Evans who got the ball rolling for the opening group, heading out of the pits with three minutes to go. He was followed out by both of the Techeetahs and d'Ambrosio, while da Costa waited for half a lap before heading out. The Portuguese ace duly went straight onto a full power lap rather than complete a warm-up at 200 kW, although he switched to maximum power before the point at which he was allowed.
Regardless, da Costa put together a strong, and very clean lap to go fastest, claiming a 1:17.950. Evans was next across the line, with a slide out of the final corner costing him a few hundredths, while Vergne slotted in between them with an unspectacular effort. Lotterer was next across the line but a miserable middle sector saw him end up a long way off da Costa's pace, allowing d'Ambrosio to slot into fourth.
The second quintet featured the drivers positioned sixth through to tenth in the Championship after the opening round, headlined by three former Champions. Indeed Nelson Piquet Jr. of Jaguar, Lucas di Grassi with Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler and Sébastien Buemi for Nissan e.Dams would all hit the circuit, and all expected to challenge for Super Pole. Two of those would be joined on track by their teammates, with Daniel Abt and Oliver Rowland, driving for Audi and Nissan respectively.
di Grassi would get the third group underway, although his flying lap proved to be a mess, with several mistakes including a lock-up at the chicane. That left him fifth at the end of his run, with Rowland slotting in just behind as they both found themselves behind d'Ambrosio. They were duly bumped back down the order by Piquet, before Buemi recorded the fastest time overall, sliding through the final corner to claim a 1:17.906.
Abt, meanwhile, would put together a poor lap, beating Lotterer's effort but leaving him over a second off the pace of Buemi.
The third group of the day would also be the first to feature six drivers, with those placed eleventh to sixteenth in the Championship heading onto the circuit. Arguably the favourites to progress to Super Pole from the group were the two Virgins of Sam Bird and Robin Frijns, both of whom had been in the top ten during practice. They were joined by the two NIOs of Oliver Turvey and Tom Dillmann, the GEOX DRAGON of Maximilian Günther, and Stoffel Vandoorne in the first of the HWA-Venturis.
Bird and Frijns would head out together right at the start of the session, with Bird duly recording the fastest time of the session, a 1:17.851, while Frijns claimed a 1:18.200. Dillmann and Turvey were next, with an awful lap from Dillmann seeing the Frenchman end the session well down the field, while Turvey found himself ahead of Abt. Vandoorne, meanwhile, would set the fastest first sector of the day only for his HWA to roll to a halt mid-lap, while Günther slapped the wall exiting turn six and damaged his suspension.
However, there was to be more drama as the group came to stop in the pit lane at the end of the session, with Bird and Frijns queued at the scrutineering box, awaiting a weight check as was standard procedure. That left them in a very vulnerable position at the entrance to the pits, as was show when Dillmann careened into the back of them, having misjudged his braking distance. The Frenchman's nose was duly buried into the back of Frijns' diffuser, severely damaging both, while the nose of the Dutchman's car nudged the back of Bird's car, damaging the Brit's diffuser.
The final sextet of the day would see the final six drivers in the Championship hit the circuit, headlined by Alexander Sims in the race winning BMW i Andretti. He would be joined on circuit by Felipe Massa, Edoardo Mortara and Gary Paffett, all in either factory of customer Venturis, as well as the second GEOX DRAGON of José María López. Completing the sextet was the debutante Pascal Wehrlein, who was optimistic of his chances after a strong showing in practice.
Sims would ultimately emerge as the fastest of the group as expected, charging across the line to claim third overall and claim his first visit to Super Pole. That lap would knock Wehrlein out of Super Pole, the German having delivered an excellent to claim sixth overall, despite a messy exit from the final corner. He therefore ended the session in seventh, with López, Massa, Mortara and Paffett all finishing outside of the top ten.
Into the shootout and first to head out was Evans, although the Kiwi ultimately knocked himself out of contention for pole with a huge lock-up under breaking for turn seven. Vergne went next and duly delivered a more measured lap, surprisingly beating his group time despite taking a more cautious approach to turn seven after Evans' lock-up. He was followed onto the circuit by da Costa, although a scruffy run through the opening sector, including a wiggle through turn three, left the Portuguese ace off the Frenchman's mark.
Sims followed his teammate out a couple of minutes later, and duly copied his teammate's messy lap to end his run in third. His effort was therefore easily beaten by Buemi, although while the Swiss ace had been sublime through the opening sector, a poor run through the final two corners dropped him down to third. Then it was Bird's turn, with the Brit still running with the minor damage to his diffuser after Dillmann's incident in the pit lane.
It would be a stunning lap from Bird, setting the fastest first and second sectors of the day to claim a 1:17.489 and pole position. Vergne was classified in second ahead of da Costa, although the Portuguese racer was subsequently given a three place grid penalty for turning his power up to 250 kW too early. That dumped him back down to sixth, meaning Buemi, Sims and Evans completed the top five on the grid.
The final qualifying result for the 2019 Marrakech E-Prix are outlined below:
|2019 Marrakech E-Prix Qualifying Result|
|1st||2||Sam Bird||Envision Virgin Racing||1:17.489||—||1||G3|
|2nd||25||Jean-Éric Vergne||DS Techeetah||1:17.535||+0.046s||2||G1|
|3rd*||28||António Félix da Costa||BMW i Andretti Motorsport||1:17.626||+0.137s||6||G1|
|4th||23||Sébastien Buemi||Nissan e.Dams||1:17.738||+0.249s||3||G2|
|5th||27||Alexander Sims||BMW i Andretti Motorsport||1:18.400||+0.911s||4||G4|
|6th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||1:29.379||+11.890s||5||G1|
|1st||2||Sam Bird||Envision Virgin Racing||1:17.851||—||SP||G3|
|2nd||23||Sebastien Buemi||Nissan e.Dams||1:17.906||+0.055s||SP||G2|
|3rd||27||Alexander Sims||BMW i Andretti Motorsport||1:17.935||+0.084s||SP||G4|
|4th||28||António Félix da Costa||BMW i Andretti Motorsport||1:17.950||+0.099s||SP||G1|
|5th||25||Jean-Éric Vergne||DS Techeetah||1:18.042||+0.191s||SP||G1|
|6th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||1:18.106||+0.255s||SP||G1|
|7th||94||Pascal Wehrlein||Mahindra Racing||1:18.126||+0.275s||7||G4|
|8th||4||Robin Frijns||Envision Virgin Racing||1:18.200||+0.349s||8||G3|
|9th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Jaguar Racing||1:18.347||+0.496s||9||G2|
|10th||64||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Mahindra Racing||1:18.440||+0.589s||10||G1|
|11th||11||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:18.595||+0.744s||11||G2|
|12th||22||Oliver Rowland||Nissan e.Dams||1:18.604||+0.753s||12||G2|
|13th||7||José María López||GEOX DRAGON||1:18.612||+0.761s||13||G4|
|14th||16||Oliver Turvey||NIO Formula E Team||1:18.624||+0.773s||14||G3|
|15th||19||Felipe Massa||Venturi Formula E Team||1:18.780||+0.929s||15||G4|
|16th||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||1:18.921||+1.070s||16||G2|
|17th||48||Edoardo Mortara||Venturi Formula E Team||1:19.133||+1.282s||17||G4|
|18th||8||Tom Dillmann||NIO Formula E Team||1:19.338||+1.487s||18||G3|
|19th||17||Gary Paffett||HWA Racelab||1:19.516||+1.665s||19||G4|
|20th||36||André Lotterer||DS Techeetah||1:19.633||+1.782s||20||G1|
|21st||6||Maximilian Günther||GEOX DRAGON||1:23.332||+5.481s||21||G3|
|110% Time: 1:25.636|
|NC†||5||Stoffel Vandoorne||HWA Racelab||1:33.404||+15.278s||22||G3|
- * da Costa received a three place grid penalty for going over the power limit on his 200 kw/h lap.
- † Vandoorne was allowed to start despite failing to set a time within 110% of the fastest in the group stage.
Temperatures were on the rise ahead of the race, although they would be of no concern to teams with regards to cooling across the 45 minute (plus 1 lap) race. In terms of the grid there was to be a late change to the order as António Félix da Costa was handed a three place grid penalty for an energy use infringement during qualifying, while Stoffel Vandoorne was allowed to start despite failing to set a full power lap. That meant that all 22 drivers would take the start at 16:00 local time, with the Attack Mode activation point located on the outside of turn three, and needed to be used twice for four minutes.
Pole sitter Sam Bird made an excellent start from pole, while Sébastien Buemi was able to drag alongside Jean-Éric Vergne on the run to the first corner to challenge for second. However, Vergne would not be thinking of defending from the Swiss ace, and instead sent a hugely ambitious lunge at Bird for the lead, despite the fact that the Brit was already on the apex of the long left-hander. The Techeetah duly clanged into the side of the Virgin-Audi, which then sent it spinning across the circuit in front of the rest of the pack.
The resulting melee saw Alexander Sims and da Costa slip through to second and third, while Buemi had to slam on the brakes and swing right to avoid the sideways Techeetah. The Swiss ace took the two Jaguars with him, while Pascal Wehrlein found himself on the receiveing end of a whack from Lucas di Grassi as he jumped on the brakes to avoid Buemi. The German racer was to retire at the end of the lap courtesy of the damage from di Grassi, while the two HWAs knocked each other out as they jinked at the same time trying to avoid the crush ahead.
The #17 HWA of Gary Paffett would limp on to complete the opening tour on circuit, while Stoffel Vandoorne hobbled back to the pits with damage to the suspension. Out front, meanwhile, Bird would establish a small lead over the two BMW-Andrettis, while Robin Frijns was up to fourth in the second Virgin. Other big winners proved to be Oliver Turvey, completing the lap in seventh, and André Lotterer who had leapt onto the borders of the top ten, while Vergne found himself down in seventeenth, although with seemingly no damage to his car.
The early stages would see the order largely settle down, the only changes coming as Buemi and Vergne slowly picked their way back up the order, while the lead quartet tried to break away. Indeed, the only major switch in position came in the form of an orchestrated swap between the two BMWs, putting da Costa ahead of Sims, leaving the Portuguese ace free to attack Bird without worrying about Sims. Paffett, meanwhile, would cause a brief yellow flag when he came to a stop at the chicane, the damage from his collision with Vandoorne finally biting in the form of a puncture, while Maximilian Günther was the first man to activate Attack Mode on lap seven.
Indeed, it was Günther's progress using Attack Mode that became a key point over the following laps, with the GEOX DRAGON pilot diving past Tom Dillmann with ease to claim seventeenth. The German racer then took Vergne through turn three, before Felipe Massa became his third victim, the result of a simple dive on the brakes up the inside of turn one. That pace informed the field that Attack Mode was to be a huge advantage without a major loss of time during activation, with a steady trickle of drivers taking it over the following few laps.
By now it was clear that Bird had some kind of issue, for he had not only the two BMWs glued to his tail, but Frijns, di Grassi and Jérôme d'Ambrosio were all running nose-to-tail in the Brit's wake. It would later be revealed that Bird's Virgin-Audi had picked up damage, and an on-board camera, from Vergne's car after their first corner clash, although Bird himself could on feel that the balance of his car was off. Regardless, the Brit would fend off da Costa's initial challenges from the lead, swatting aside a lunge from the Portuguese ace into turn eleven at the end of lap 10.
That, however, was only a teaser from da Costa, who would duly send his BMW scything past Bird into the first corner at the start of the following lap, although Bird would again hold on. A few moments later and da Costa elbowed his way inside the Virgin on the run to the chicane, forcing Bird off-line as they hit the brakes, which subsequently saw the Brit have to cut across the chicane. He duly ceded the position to da Costa on the exit, while Sims in the other BMW would charge past the Virgin on the brakes into turn seven, taking full advantage of Bird's lost momentum.
The BMWs would soon escape up the road from Bird and co., leaving the Brit to defend from Frijns, di Grassi and d'Ambrosio, although that was not to last. Indeed, as José María López used Attack Mode to pass Daniel Abt and catch the group, d'Ambrosio would lunge inside di Grassi at turn seven to grab fifth, prompting Virgin to swap Bird and Frijns on the following lap. di Grassi, meanwhile, would engage Attack Mode in an attempt to get ahead of the whole trio, before d'Ambrosio lunged past Bird into turn eleven, with Bird not opting to defend.
A lap later and di Grassi, still using Attack Mode, was through past Bird, and was to begin harassing d'Ambrosio as Bird himself opted to take the additional boost. Even that would not go well for Bird, however, for he was to slip behind López as he activated the boost, although he duly charged back past the Argentine on the exit of the chicane. The Brit then began to creep back onto the tail of di Grassi as the Brazilian harassed d'Ambrosio, while the Belgian looked for a way past Frijns for third.
That move duly occurred on the following tour, with the Mahindra lunging inside the Dutchman into turn seven, before di Grassi followed him through at turn eleven. They duly began to close back onto the two BMWs, prompting both da Costa and Sims to take Attack Mode on lap 19, just after the halfway point, to try and extend their lead. Frijns, meanwhile, had activated Attack Mode in the wake of di Grassi's move, and would continue to harass the Belgian until his boost expired.
Frijns and Bird would use their second Attack Mode activations on lap 23, with Frijns and Bird both passing di Grassi at the end of the lap, motivated by the sudden appearance of Vergne in their mirrors. Indeed, the Frenchman had made stunning progress with the use of Attack Mode, with a barge past López on lap 22 putting him in the mix for a podium. Furthermore, as he caught the scrap for third, the third place scrap was closing in on the BMWs, resulting in a bizarre change to the lead with seven minutes left to race.
Indeed, the BMW squad would give Sims, running in second, permission to pass da Costa for the lead, with the Portuguese ace seemingly unable to improve his pace as the group behind swarmed in. However, before they could pass that message onto da Costa, Sims would sell his teammate a dummy into turn seven, before locking up heavily when da Costa tried to defend on the inside of the track. That, ultimately, proved to be the worst thing that da Costa could do, for he hit a bump, locked up, and slid straight off the circuit, taking Sims off with him, although the Brit was able to scramble back onto the circuit.
d'Ambrosio, Frijns and Bird would all get ahead of Sims as the Brit rejoined, while da Costa was left to climb out of his cockpit as his car was buried in the outside wall at turn seven. The BMW Qualcomm i8 safety car was subsequently called upon to cover the removal of the Portuguese racer's car, with everyone bar Sims and di Grassi taking their second and final Attack Mode activation with four minutes to go.
Their decision was based on a hope that the safety car stayed out longer than everyone else thought, which was ultimately proved right when the field came through turn seven a lap later, with the BMW still stuck in the wall. They duly took Attack Mode on that lap, so that they could fulfil their minimum use time, before a mad rush by the marshals saw da Costa's car removed from the circuit with around twenty seconds left on the clock. However, the safety car was only halfway around the circuit when they announced that the race would resume, meaning there would be a one lap sprint to decide the outcome of the race.
It proved to be a thrilling final tour, with everyone bar Sims and di Grassi's Attack Mode boosts ending as the race resumed. d'Ambrosio, meanwhile, would drive in the middle of the Marrakech circuit to keep Frijns at bay, and would duly hang on to claim his first on-track victory in FE, and his first for Mahindra. Frijns was frustrated yet otherwise satisfied to finish second, later regretting that he should have pushed harder for victory, while a wounded Bird managed to keep Sims' boosted BMW at bay to claim the final podium spot.
The final classification of the 2019 Marrakech E-Prix is displayed below, with the fastest lap setter indicated in italics, and the pole sitter shown in bold.
|2019 Marrakech E-Prix Race Result|
|Pos.||No.||Name||Team||Laps||Race Time||Fastest lap||Pts.|
|1st||64||Jérôme d'Ambrosio||Mahindra Racing||31||0:46:45.884||1:22.366||25|
|2nd||4||Robin Frijns||Envision Virgin Racing||31||+0.143s||1:22.247||18|
|3rd||2||Sam Bird||Envision Virgin Racing||31||+0.461s||1:22.101||18|
|4th||27||Alexander Sims||BMW i Andretti Motorsport||31||+0.740s||1:21.992||12|
|5th||25||Jean-Éric Vergne||DS Techeetah||31||+1.232s||1:21.391||10|
|6th||36||André Lotterer||DS Techeetah||31||+1.457s||1:21.177||8|
|7th||11||Lucas di Grassi||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||31||+1.633s||1:20.296||7|
|8th||23||Sebastien Buemi||Nissan e.Dams||31||+2.455s||1:20.538||4|
|9th||20||Mitch Evans||Jaguar Racing||31||+2.980s||1:20.594||2|
|10th||66||Daniel Abt||Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler||31||+4.014s||1:21.118||1|
|11th||7||José María López||GEOX DRAGON||31||+4.528s||1:21.163|
|12th||6||Maximilian Günther||GEOX DRAGON||31||+6.034s||1:21.691|
|13th||48||Edoardo Mortara||Venturi Formula E Team||31||+6.790s||1:21.849|
|14th||3||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Jaguar Racing||31||+6.833s||1:21.010|
|15th||22||Oliver Rowland||Nissan e.Dams||31||+7.529s||1:21.013|
|16th||16||Oliver Turvey||NIO Formula E Team||31||+9.241s||1:21.856|
|17th||8||Tom Dillmann||NIO Formula E Team||31||+9.665s||1:21.670|
|18th||19||Felipe Massa||Venturi Formula E Team||31||+10.250||1:21.523|
|Ret||28||António Félix da Costa||BMW i Andretti Motorsport||25||Accident||1:21.885|
|Ret||17||Gary Paffett||HWA Racelab||3||Puncture||1:24.142|
|Ret||94||Pascal Wehrlein||Mahindra Racing||1||Damage||—|
|Ret||5||Stoffel Vandoorne||HWA Racelab||1||Damage||—|
- Indicates a driver was awarded FanBoost during the race.
- Debut race for Pascal Wehrlein.
- Sam Bird claimed his fifth pole position.
- Third career victory for Jérôme d'Ambrosio.
- It was also the Belgian's first victory achieved without a penalty being applied ahead of him.
- Mahindra Racing claimed their fourth victory as a manufacturer and entrant.
- Maiden points finish for Alexander Sims.
- Wehrlein secured his first FanBoost victory.
That unexpected victory for Jérôme d'Ambrosio would be enough to propel the Belgian racer to the top of the Championship standings, twelve clear of ex-leader António Félix da Costa. Defending Champion Jean-Éric Vergne was next, level with da Costa but behind on count back, while André Lotterer was up to fourth ahead of Robin Frijns. Sam Bird sat in sixth, level with his teammate but behind on count back, while Alexander Sims was the biggest winner of the weekend as he moved up ten places.
In the Teams' Championship it was DS Techeetah who still led the hunt, their lead having stretched to seven points amid the mania in Marrakech. Mahindra Racing were now their closest challengers after their victory, while BMW i Andretti Motorsport knew they had thrown away a chance to gain a huge lead. They therefore ended the weekend in third, level with Mahindra, while Envision Virgin Racing and Nissan e.Dams completed the top five.
Only point scoring drivers and teams are shown.
Videos and Images:
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 'ABB FIA Formula E Championship Season 5', info.fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 07/06/2018), http://info.fiaformulae.com/season-5-calendar/, (Accessed 07/06/2018)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Sam Smith, 'Mexico City to Host Third In-Season Test', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 23/11/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/mexico-city-to-host-third-in-season-test/, (Accessed 22/11/2018)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 'Bird clinches Julius Baer Pole Position in Marrakesh', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 12/01/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/january/qualifying---2019-marrakesh, (Accessed 12/01/2019)
- ↑ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 'Mahindra's d'Ambrosio made up with manic win in Marrakesh', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 12/01/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/january/race-report---2019-marrakesh, (Accessed 12/01/2019)
- ↑ Sam Smith, 'Ad Diriyah Test Notebook', e-racing365.com, (John Days Media, LLC., 16/12/2018), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/ad-diriyah-test-notebook/, (Accessed 17/12/2018)
- ↑ Sam Smith, 'Wehrlein makes Formula E move with Mahindra', eurosport.co.uk, (Eurosport, 16/10/2018), https://www.eurosport.co.uk/formula-e/wehrlein-makes-formula-e-move-with-mahindra_sto6973387/story.shtml, (Accessed 16/10/2018)
- ↑ 'Rosenqvist returns to Mahindra for Saudi season opener', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/11/2018), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2018/november/rosenqvist-returns-to-mahindra-for-saudi-season-opener/, (Accessed 15/11/2018)
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- ↑ 'Welcome to FANBOOST', fanboost.formulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 07/01/2019), https://fanboost.fiaformulae.com/, (Accessed 07/01/2019)
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 'Round 2 - Marrakech ePrix: Results Booklet', fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com, (FIA Formula E, 12/01/2019), http://fiaformulae.alkamelsystems.com/Results/04_2018-19/03_R02%20Marrakesh/93_ABB%20FIA%20Formula%20E%20Championship/56_R02%20Marrakesh%20Booklet.pdf, (Accessed 12/01/2019)
- ↑ 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 'Qualifying groups revealed ahead of Marrakesh E-Prix', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 11/01/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/january/quali-groups-marrakesh, (Accessed 13/01/2019)
- ↑ 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.13 12.14 12.15 12.16 12.17 12.18 12.19 12.20 12.21 12.22 12.23 12.24 ABB Formula E, 'Qualifying LIVE! 2019 Marrakesh E-Prix | ABB FIA Formula E Championship', youtube.com, (YouTube: FIA Formula E, 12/01/2019), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FY4wfdawGnA, (Accessed 13/01/2019)
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Daniel Lloyd, 'Da Costa Handed Penalty, Loses Third Place Grid Spot', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media LLC., 12/01/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/da-costa-handed-penalty-loses-third-place-grid-spot/, (Accessed 12/01/2019)
- ↑ 14.00 14.01 14.02 14.03 14.04 14.05 14.06 14.07 14.08 14.09 14.10 14.11 14.12 14.13 14.14 14.15 14.16 14.17 14.18 14.19 14.20 14.21 14.22 14.23 14.24 14.25 14.26 14.27 14.28 14.29 14.30 14.31 14.32 14.33 14.34 14.35 14.36 14.37 14.38 14.39 14.40 14.41 14.42 ABB Formula E, 'FULL RACE! 2019 Marrakesh E-Prix | ABB FIA Formula E Championship', youtube.com, (YouTube: FIA Formula E, 13/01/2019), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSotKfOCTK8, (Accessed 14/01/2019)
- ↑ Sam Smith, 'Wedged Camera Drama for Bird After Vergne Clash', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 14/01/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/wedged-camera-drama-for-bird-after-vergne-clash/, (Accessed 15/01/2019)
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Sam Smith, 'Sims: “Breakdown in Communication” Caused Incident', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 12/01/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/sims-breakdown-in-communication-caused-incident/, (Accessed 15/01/2019)