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2019 Valencia Test
Circuit Ricardo Tormo
'
Test Information
Date 15 - 18 October 2019
Location Flag of Spain Circuit Ricardo Tormo, Valencia, Spain
Lap length 3.090 km (1.920 mi)
Fastest Lap
Driver Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther
Time Day Laps
1:15.087 6 203
Testing Guide
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The 2019 Valencia Test was the first and only pre-season test, staged ahead of the 2019/20 ABB FIA Formula E Championship, held at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia, Spain, between 15 - 18 October 2019.[1] The Test would be the first public running for the new Porsche and Mercedes-Benz factory teams, ahead of their mutual debuts at the 2019 Ad Diriyah E-Prix I.[2][3][4]

The three day test would see Maximilian Günther emerge as the fastest driver for BMW i Andretti Motorsport, setting a new circuit record on the final day of 1:15.087.[5] The German racer also topped the distance covered charts with 203 laps of Valencia completed across the six test sessions, a figure only matched by teammate Alexander Sims, with their combined total coming to 401 laps or 1,239.060 km (769.879 mi).

The series would also stage two simulation races during the test, both used to test the new energy deduction rules that were to be implement during Safety Car and Full Course Yellow situations.[6] The first race would be won by the new Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team lead driver Stoffel Vandoorne, while Sébastien Buemi of Nissan e.Dams secured "victory" in the second race.[5][7]

Background

The ABB FIA Formula E Championship would return to the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia, Spain, for a third straight year ahead of the 2019/20 season, with the circuit serving as the only collective pre-season test for the series.[1] The circuit itself was to be modified as it had been before, with a chicane installed on the start/finish straight to better simulate a street circuit, although the chicane was made shallower to better prevent the circuit from being blocked in case of an accident.[1] A familiar schedule was also established for the test, with six sessions of three hours of running split across three days, with Thursday left clear for analysis.[1]

German Grunt

Pre-season was all about the arrival of Porsche and Mercedes-Benz into the series, with the two German manufacturers throwing considerable weight at their FE programmes ahead of their debuts.[2][3] However, the two manufacturers would have drastically different approaches to the series, with Mercedes having used HWA Racelab in 2018/19 to obtain a season's worth of experience with customer powertrains.[3] Porsche, meanwhile, would obtain the signature of their former WEC factory driver André Lotterer to partner Neel Jani, bringing driver experience to their new car, the Porsche 99X Electric.[8]

Mercedes' maiden season would see them hire Stoffel Vandoorne from HWA, having taken over HWA's entry, while also hiring 2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship Champion Nyck de Vries to partner the Belgian.[9] The Mercedes squad had also secured their first customer team, with the freshly renamed Venturi Racing team buying two Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01s instead of building their own powertrains as they had done since 2015/16.[10] Otherwise the Venturi squad would appear as they had in 2018/19, with factory Mercedes GT driver Edoardo Mortara partnering ex-F1 ace Felipe Massa for the season.[11]

Elsewhere, FE stalwarts Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler were unchanged ahead of the new season, once again fielding Lucas di Grassi and Daniel Abt.[12] Furthermore, they would also supply Envision Virgin Racing with powertrains for a second season, with factory Audi driver Robin Frijns partnering Sam Bird in the team for another campaign.[13] A fourth Audi factory driver would also get a shot in FE, with Nico Müller joining non-Audi customers GEOX Dragon.[14]

Completing the German quartet would be BMW i Andretti Motorsport, who had a quiet summer following their maiden campaign in 2018/19.[15] They would, however, lose their lead driver António Félix da Costa after the Portuguese ace left their factory roster of drivers, although they did opt to retain Alexander Sims after his mixed maiden campaign.[15] The Bavarian squad would also sign Maximilian Günther as the German racer was a free agent, having impressed in his two-part rookie season in 2018/19.[16]

French Fancies

Nissan e.Dams would have a tricky summer, for the Japanese manufacturer's twin motor layout was banned after the 2018/19 season, meaning they had to develop a new powertrain concept for 2019/20.[17] Furthermore, the death of DAMS boss Jean-Paul Driot in August 2019 had caused major structural changes, with his sons Gregory and Oliver taking over the team on the eve of the Valencia Test.[18] Driver-wise, however, the Nissan-e.Dams alliance was unchanged, with Sébastien Buemi and Oliver Rowland retained for a second consecutive season, although Buemi would miss one race due to his WEC commitments.[19]

Over at DS Techeetah, meanwhile, there would only be one major change, with the squad having to find a replacement driver for Lotterer.[8] They duly secured the signature of da Costa from BMW to partner defending Champion Jean-Éric Vergne, creating one of the strongest driver line-ups on the grid.[20] da Costa's relatively late arrival meant that Vergne had completed most of the testing of the DS E-Tense FE 20, with da Costa only getting time in the car shortly before the Valencia test.[20]

Commonwealth Cause

Elsewhere, Jaguar would have a busy summer developing their lightest ever powertrain, the I-Type IV, in their bid to continue their climb up the Championship table.[21] Their line-up would be led by Mitch Evans once again, the highly rated New Zealander having been approached by other teams, while Alex Lynn was dropped from the team after completing the previous season with the squad.[21] In his place Jaguar would sign Ferrari WEC driver James Calado, with the Brit set to make his public FE debut at the Valencia Test.[22]

Mahindra Racing, meanwhile, would start the new season unchanged at a surface level, with Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Pascal Wehrlein retained as drivers, while Nick Heidfeld retained his test/reserve role.[23] However, the would be major modifications internally, with the Mahindra squad signing a deal with ZF to co-develop their powertrains, replacing their five-year association with Magneti Marelli.[23] There would also be some staff structure changes in a bid to find more consistency over a race weekend, having endured another mixed campaign in 2018/19.[23]

Penske Prowess

GEOX Dragon would arrive in Valencia with another new driver line-up, with the aforementioned Müller partnered by another rookie in the form of former Porsche WEC factory driver Brendon Hartley.[24] Hartley and Müller's contributions were likely to be all the more interesting given their associations with Porsche and Audi respectively, having both developed the powertrains of Dragon's rivals ahead of the new season.[24] Otherwise the Dragon team was unchanged, with Penske remaining their powertrain suppliers in spite of significant interest from major manufacturers, most notably Ford.[25]

Completing the field would be the freshly renamed NIO 333 FE Team who had, as ever, endured a turbulent summer.[26] Indeed, in-spite of obtaining new owners and retaining lead driver Oliver Turvey, the team had been forced to drop their 2019/20 powertrain, instead obtaining a deal to run customer powertrains from Penske, re-badged as NIOs.[27] The team would also sign FE refugee Ma Qing Hua to partner Turvey for the new season, with the Chinese racer, who served as their test/reserve driver in 2018/19, replacing a seat-less Tom Dillmann.[27]

Entry List

Below is a complete entry list for the full 2019 Valencia Test across each day:

2019 Valencia Test Entry List
No. Name Entrant Constructor Car Sessions
2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing Audi e-tron FE06 All
3 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team NIO FE-005 All
4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing Audi e-tron FE06 All
5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne Flag of Germany Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01 All
6 Flag of New Zealand Brendon Hartley Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon Penske EV-4 All
7 Flag of Switzerland Nico Müller Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon Penske EV-4 All
11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Audi e-tron FE06 All
13 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of China DS Techeetah DS E-Tense FE 20 All
17 Dutch Flag Nyck de Vries Flag of Germany Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01 All
18 Flag of Switzerland Neel Jani Flag of Germany TAG Heuer Porsche Formula E Team Porsche 99X Electric All
19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01 All
20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Panasonic Jaguar Racing Jaguar I-Type IV All
22 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Rowland Flag of France Nissan e.Dams Nissan IM02 All
23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of France Nissan e.Dams Nissan IM02 All
25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah DS E-Tense FE 20 All
27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport BMW iFE.20 All
28 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport BMW iFE.20 All
33 Flag of China Ma Qing Hua Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team NIO FE-005 All
36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of Germany TAG Heuer Porsche Formula E Team Porsche 99X Electric All
48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01 All
51 Flag of the United Kingdom James Calado Flag of the United Kingdom Panasonic Jaguar Racing Jaguar I-Type IV All
64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing Mahindra M6Electro All
66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler Audi e-tron FE06 All
94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing Mahindra M6Electro All
Source:[28]

Day One

The first day of running a the 2019 Valencia Test was staged on 15 October 2019, with the day split into two sessions of three hours apiece.[29] There would also be some time set aside for several teams to complete some media running, as well as press conferences for teams and drivers.[6]

Report

There was a quick flood of on-track activity when the circuit opened at 9:00 am local time, with most of the field heading out in the opening fifteen minutes.[29] The outright pace quickly developed in the early stages, with Alexander Sims getting below the fastest lap from 2018, a 1:16.977 set by his former BMW Andretti before the end of the first hour.[29] However, the circuit had been revised since the previous season, with the chicane on the start/finish straight re-profiled to make it shallower, meaning times would be inevitably faster.[29]

The pace would continue to climb throughout the session, with Sims' new teammate Maximilian Günther ultimately ending the morning with the fastest time, a 1:15.926 set in the final hour.[29] da Costa was next in his new DS Techeetah, recording a 1:16.032 to edge out his teammate and defending Champion Jean-Éric Vergne, while the two Nissan e.Dams completed the top five.[29] Best of the new manufacturers would be Mercedes, with Edoardo Mortara in the Venturi Racing run customer car in ninth, six-tenths off the outright pace.[29]

Elsewhere there would be some stoppages to the session, with technical troubles for Oliver Turvey ensuring that the #3 NIO would only complete a handful of installation laps.[29] Nyck de Vries, meanwhile, would bring out a red flag by stopping on track with a broken RESS fuse, while Neel Jani in the #18 Porsche was another driver to hit issues on track.[29][30] However, the biggest delay would be caused by Jaguar Racing new boy James Calado, who removed the front right corner of his I-Type IV in a collision with the re-profiled chicane.[29]

After a two hour lunch break the field returned to the circuit at 14:00 local time, with the majority of the field opting to complete long runs.[31] The stand out name from that phase would be Sims, who completed an impressive stint of 34 laps, some 105.000 km of running in his BMW-Andretti.[31] His teammate Günther matched his tally but was a fraction slower on average, with André Lotterer in his Porsche also managing 34 laps, but was half a second a lap off the Brit's pace.[31]

For the rest of the field long-runs were rarely over 20 laps, with Mitch Evans of Jaguar setting an impressive pace, half a second up on average on Sims' laps, but covering only two thirds of the distance.[31] Towards the end of the three hour session, with temperatures dropping, the field almost as a whole headed onto the circuit to set qualifying runs, with Sam Bird emerging from the flurry as the fastest man, claiming a 1:15.570.[31] Günther was next up, improving on his morning effort to a 1:15.663 ahead of the DS Techeetahs, with the top ten within half a second of one-another.[31]

Elsewhere it was another miserable session for de Vries, with Mercedes only managing to get the Dutchman out for a quali-run late on, having replaced his RESS fuses.[31] Jaguar, meanwhile, would repair Calado's car in time for the session, only for the Brit to stop at the exit of the pitlane, bringing out a red flag.[31] At the back of the field, meanwhile, Turvey finally got in some running in his NIO, outpacing teammate Ma Qing Hua by over three seconds.[31]

Results

Below is the full result from the first day of the 2019 Valencia Test:

2019 Valencia Test Times
Pos. No. Name Team Laps Time Gap
S1 S2
1st 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 66 1:16.943 1:15.570
2nd 28 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 89 1:15.926 1:15.663 +0.093s
3rd 13 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of China DS Techeetah 66 1:16.032 1:15.681 +0.111s
4th 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 75 1:16.520 1:15.724 +0.154s
5th 25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah 80 1:16.162 1:15.798 +0.228s
6th 23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of France Nissan e.Dams 60 1:16.297 1:15.882 +0.312s
7th 22 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Rowland Flag of France Nissan e.Dams 64 1:16.246 1:15.942 +0.372s
8th 94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing 72 1:16.385 1:15.975 +0.405s
9th 4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 64 1:16.640 1:16.081 +0.511s
10th 66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 62 1:16.952 1:16.084 +0.514s
11th 27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 93 1:16.828 1:16.097 +0.527s
12th 11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 61 1:16.297 1:16.140 +0.570s
13th 7 Flag of Switzerland Nico Müller Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 80 1:16.387 1:16.398 +0.817s
14th 36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of Germany Porsche Formula E Team 75 1:16.622 1:16.482 +0.912s
15th 48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing 60 1:16.531 1:16.537 +0.961s
16th 64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing 50 1:16.552 1:18.046 +0.982s
17th 19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing 58 1:17.189 1:16.580 +1.010s
18th 6 Flag of New Zealand Brendon Hartley Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 78 1:16.839 1:16.698 +1.128s
19th 3 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team 37 1:16.867 +1.446s
20th 51 Flag of the United Kingdom James Calado Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 66 1:17.738 1:17.016 +1.446s
21st 18 Flag of Switzerland Neel Jani Flag of Germany Porsche Formula E Team 30 1:17.343 +1.773s
22nd 5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne Flag of Germany Mercedes 66 1:17.389 1:17.451 +1.819s
23rd 17 Dutch Flag Nyck de Vries Flag of Germany Mercedes 16 1:22.500 1:17.654 +2.084s
24th 33 Flag of China Ma Qing Hua Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team 48 1:20.571 1:20.220 +4.650s
Source:[32]

Day Two

The second day of running in Valencia was staged on 16 October, although with a major change to the schedule compared to the first day.[6] Wednesday's running would see the field complete a three-hour free test session as usual, before the afternoon session was split into pieces.[6] This would allow the field to complete a full race simulation, designed to test the new safety car procedures introduced for the 2019/20 season.[6]

Report

The morning session on Wednesday opened with an en-masse sprint to the circuit, with most of the field completing some early flying laps.[33] The early pace setter proved to be Maximilian Günther for the second consecutive morning, although his early effort was beaten late on by Robin Frijns.[33] Indeed, the Dutchman would set another new lap record as he shot to the top of the timesheet, ending the morning with a 1:15.377.[33]

Behind Günther would be his teammate Alexander Sims, who underlined the inherent one-lap pace that BMW-Andretti had shown during the first day.[33] Elsewhere, Nyck de Vries continued to endure a poor test run, crashing into the chicane to bring out a red flag, having already stopped on circuit during the opening minutes.[33] André Lotterer, Jérôme d'Ambrosio and Felipe Massa would also cause chaos by smashing the front of their cars on the chicane later during the session.[33]

A rather confusing second session would open with Brendon Hartley setting the early pace, claiming a 1:22.066, before the session was red-flagged with just twenty minutes gone.[34] This was done in order to conduct the race simulation, with a grid drawn randomly which would make an Indy-style rolling start.[34] However, not everyone would opt to take part for the full simulation, with five drivers, namely Sam Bird, Massa, de Vries, Oliver Turvey and Lotterer all focusing on other concerns.[34]

Once the simulation had been completed the circuit was re-opened for free running for a final half-hour, with most of the field completing at least one run.[7] However, a heavy accident for Bird towards the end of the session ultimately saw Wednesday's running come to a confused end, with the Virgin team opting to fit an entirely new powertrain to Bird's car after he sustained heavy damage to the right-hand side of the car.[7][35] de Vries, meanwhile, would be denied more track time by an axle issue, while Massa was only able to complete a single lap to test the repairs to his car.[7]

Elsewhere, the rather condensed schedule on Wednesday afternoon ensured that Frijns' morning time remained unbeaten, with António Félix da Costa ending the session fastest with a 1:15.586, some two tenths off the Dutchman's pace.[7] The Portuguese ace was one of only a handful of drivers to improve, which included Jaguar new-boy James Calado, who set the fastest first sector of the test on his fastest lap.[7] Other improvements came from Jean-Éric Vergne, Edoardo Mortara, Lotterer and Ma Qing Hua, although the latter trio made no major progress up the overall order.[7]

Simulation Settings

A race distance of 31 laps, 45 minute timed format, was set for the race simulation on Wednesday, with two safety car periods predetermined to test new rules regarding the safety car.[7] Pascal Wehrlein was the man to start from pole position, and duly led the opening stages before being passed by former DTM teammate Mortara.[7] They would be chased hard by Vergne and da Costa in the two DS Techeetahs, while Stoffel Vandoorne battled past Massa to secure fifth.[7]

Indeed, Vandoorne quickly proved to be the fastest driver in the field, easing past the DS Techeetahs before following Mortara past Wehrlein to secure second.[7] A few laps later and the factory Mercedes passed the Venturi-Mercedes to secure the lead, with Mortara unable to respond.[7] Indeed, Vandoorne quickly established a two second lead at the head of the field, before the safety cars came into play.[7]

Ultimately the two four minute safety car periods did little more than bunch the pack up behind Vandoorne, who duly eased clear after the second period to claim the "win".[7] Behind, Wehrlein's pace collapsed while Mortara and Massa retreated to the pitlane, handing second to da Costa who tried in vain to catch the #5 Merc ahead.[7] 2016/17 Champion Lucas di Grassi, meanwhile, would battle up the field to claim third ahead of Nissan e.Dams' Sébastien Buemi, while Vergne recovered from a mid-race slump to secure fifth ahead of Wehrlein.[7]

Results

Below is the full result from the second day of the 2019 Valencia Test:

2019 Valencia Test Day Two Times
Pos. No. Name Team Laps Time Gap
S1 S2
1st 4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 37 1:15.377 1:16.066
2nd 28 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 49 1:15.434 1:15.818 +0.057s
3rd 27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 54 1:15.437 1:15.719 +0.060s
4th 22 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Rowland Flag of France Nissan e.Dams 45 1:15.444 1:15.972 +0.067s
5th 7 Flag of Switzerland Nico Müller Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 50 1:15.515 1:16.062 +0.138s
6th 13 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of China DS Techeetah 51 1:15.557 1:15.586 +0.180s
7th 6 Flag of New Zealand Brendon Hartley Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 46 1:15.592 1:16.049 +0.215s
8th 51 Flag of the United Kingdom James Calado Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 44 1:16.098 1:15.624 +0.247s
9th 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 43 1:15.640 1:15.883 +0.263s
10th 11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 37 1:15.680 1:15.750 +0.303s
11th 48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing 46 1:15.815 1:15.695 +0.318s
12th 25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah 51 1:15.920 1:15.719 +0.342s
13th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 46 1:15.736 1:16.276 +0.359s
14th 23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of France Nissan e.Dams 46 1:15.777 1:15.825 +0.400s
15th 66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 58 1:15.797 1:16.115 +0.420s
16th 94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing 53 1:15.812 1:16.126 +0.435s
17th 5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne Flag of Germany Mercedes 44 1:15.866 1:16.278 +0.489s
18th 36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of Germany Porsche Formula E Team 38 1:16.315 1:15.974 +0.597s
19th 64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing 32 1:15.982 1:16.307 +0.605s
20th 19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing 28 1:16.122 +0.745s
21st 18 Flag of Switzerland Neel Jani Flag of Germany Porsche Formula E Team 45 1:16.175 1:16.257 +0.798s
22nd 17 Dutch Flag Nyck de Vries Flag of Germany Mercedes 19 1:17.031 +1.654s
23rd 3 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team 30 1:17.045 3:03.231 +1.668s
24th 33 Flag of China Ma Qing Hua Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team 33 1:18.276 1:18.171 +2.794s
Source:[32]

Day Three

The third day of the Valencia Test was held on Friday, 18 October 2019, after Thursday had been left clear to allow teams to analyse data gathered from the first two days.[6] However, Friday's schedule would be revised on Thursday evening, with the FIA and teams agreeing to hold another simulation race to better understand the new-for-2019/20 rules regarding the safety car and VSC in terms of energy deductions.[36] The simulation was hence added to the second session of the final day, with more time added afterwards to allow more free running before the end of the test.[36]

Report

Friday morning opened with the familiar flood of cars onto the Valencia circuit, with a barrage of early runs seeing times quickly dip into the 1:15.000s.[37] The early pace was dictated by Nico Müller in the #7 GEOX Dragon, who set the then fastest time of the test mid-session, claiming a 1:15.190.[37] However, his effort would be beaten in the dying moments by Pascal Wehrlein, who hit the top of the timesheets with a 1:15.190 in his Mahindra.[37]

Elsewhere, António Félix da Costa secured third for DS Techeetah, a tenth of off Wehrlein's best effort, with the entire top ten separated by half a second.[37] Indeed, the final morning of running showed that almost everyone was competitive over a single lap, with less than a second covering Wehrlein in first, and Neel Jani in 22nd.[37] The exception to this would be the two NIOs at the back of the field, with Oliver Turvey half a second off of Jani, while Ma Qing Hua was another four tenths away.[37]

Surprisingly there would be only one major stoppage to the session, with all 24 drivers running trouble free throughout the morning.[37] Indeed, the only red-flag of the morning would be caused by Alexander Sims, who wiped the front of his car out on the chicane at the start of a qualifying run.[37]

The race simulation would take up the first half of the afternoon's running, with the track opened for a final hour once the race had been concluded.[5] The limited amount of time to charge batteries meant that most of the field opted to complete more qualifying runs, resulting in some more off-track issues and more red flags.[5] Indeed, both the GEOX Dragons and Stoffel Vandoorne would manage to cause stoppages, dragging gravel onto the circuit after separate off-track adventures.[5]

On-track, meanwhile, the star of the afternoon would be Maximilian Günther, who set a new circuit record with a 1:15.087, edging out Wehrlein's morning effort by 0.103s.[5] Unfortunately for Günther his test would end with an ignominious slap against the barriers at the chicane, bringing out another red flag.[5] This in-turn caused the session to be extended by fifteen minutes, although no-one would manage to beat the German racer's effort.[5]

Regardless, the overall order of the field would not be drastically changed on the final day, with just a second covering the top 22, while NIO remained a fair way off the ultimate pace.[5]

A Virtual Simulation

The purpose of the second race simulation was to test the power deduction rules under Full Course Yellow conditions, after Wednesday's test had focused on their use under safety car periods.[5] Two pre-arranged FCY periods were planned, lasting for five minutes apiece, with the race once again set to run for 31 laps.[5] The grid order would once again be drawn randomly, with a rolling start, with everyone bar Sims, whose car was still being repaired, taking part.[5]

It was da Costa who led the field away from pole, battling early on with Oliver Rowland and Felipe Massa.[5] Behind, André Lotterer fought with the two Envision Virgin Audis, while Sébastien Buemi battled up the order.[5] Edoardo Mortara was also making ground in the early stages in the second Venturi Mercedes, while star of the morning Wehrlein had little impact.[5]

da Costa would eventually forfeit the lead to both Rowland and Massa, before dropping out of the race entirely with a visit to the pits.[5] His teammate Jean-Éric Vergne would likewise opt against completing the race distance, as Massa fought with Rowland for the lead.[5] The Brazilian would eventually force his way through, although contact between the two ultimately caused Massa to lose pace and pit.[5]

The two Virgins were the next to enjoy spells at the head of the field, although both Sam Bird and Robin Frijns would pit, leaving Lotterer in the lead.[5] however, in the closing stages of the race the Porsche racer would be caught and passed by a charging Buemi, who aced the restart from the second VSC to blast past the German and claim the lead.[5] The Swiss ace duly eased away to claim the "win" by 1.6s from Lotterer, while Mortara secured third in the Venturi-Mercedes.[5]

Results

Below is the full result from the third day of the 2019 Valencia Test:

2019 Valencia Test Day Three Times
Pos. No. Name Team Laps Time Gap
S1 S2
1st 28 Flag of Germany Maximilian Günther Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 65 1:15.296 1:15.087
2nd 94 Flag of Germany Pascal Wehrlein Flag of India Mahindra Racing 50 1:15.190 1:15.458 +0.103s
3rd 7 Flag of Switzerland Nico Müller Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 45 1:15.198 1:15.788 +0.111s
4th 13 Flag of Portugal António Félix da Costa Flag of China DS Techeetah 47 1:15.293 1:15.634 +0.206s
5th 20 Flag of New Zealand Mitch Evans Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 45 1:15.366 1:15.306 +0.219s
6th 23 Flag of Switzerland Sébastien Buemi Flag of France Nissan e.Dams 44 1:15.328 1:15.646 +0.241s
7th 27 Flag of the United Kingdom Alexander Sims Flag of the United States BMW i Andretti Motorsport 51 1:15.359 1:15.822 +0.272s
8th 64 Flag of Belgium Jérôme d'Ambrosio Flag of India Mahindra Racing 46 1:16.082 1:15.454 +0.367s
9th 25 Flag of France Jean-Éric Vergne Flag of China DS Techeetah 51 1:15.480 1:16.032 +0.393s
10th 19 Flag of Brazil Felipe Massa Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing 53 1:15.504 1:16.251 +0.417s
11th 2 Flag of the United Kingdom Sam Bird Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 56 1:15.576 1:18.917 +0.489s
12th 66 Flag of Germany Daniel Abt Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 43 1:15.673 1:16.012 +0.586s
13th 11 Flag of Brazil Lucas di Grassi Flag of Germany Audi Sport ABT Schaeffler 42 1:15.675 1:16.072 +0.588s
14th 6 Flag of New Zealand Brendon Hartley Flag of the United States GEOX Dragon 43 1:15.682 1:16.183 +0.595s
15th 48 Flag of Switzerland Edoardo Mortara Flag of Monaco Venturi Racing 52 1:15.684 1:17.356 +0.597s
16th 36 Flag of Germany André Lotterer Flag of Germany Porsche Formula E Team 41 1:15.809 1:15.699 +0.612s
17th 5 Flag of Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne Flag of Germany Mercedes 45 1:15.736 1:16.220 +0.649s
18th 4 Dutch Flag Robin Frijns Flag of the United Kingdom Envision Virgin Racing 50 1:15.819 1:18.952 +0.732s
19th 22 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Rowland Flag of France Nissan e.Dams 39 1:15.867 1:15.875 +0.780s
20th 51 Flag of the United Kingdom James Calado Flag of the United Kingdom Jaguar Racing 61 1:15.880 1:16.769 +0.793s
21st 17 Dutch Flag Nyck de Vries Flag of Germany Mercedes 69 1:15.916 1:16.668 +0.829s
22nd 18 Flag of Switzerland Neel Jani Flag of Germany Porsche Formula E Team 44 1:16.158 1:16.053 +0.966s
23rd 3 Flag of the United Kingdom Oliver Turvey Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team 49 1:16.610 1:16.598 +1.481s
24th 33 Flag of China Ma Qing Hua Flag of the United Kingdom NIO 333 FE Team 44 1:17.047 1:17.449 +1.960s
Source:[32]

References

Images and Videos:

References:

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  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 Sam Smith, 'Formula E: Guenther Sets Fastest Lap of Valencia Testing', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 18/10/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/guenther-sets-fastest-lap-of-valencia-testing/, (Accessed 22/10/2019)
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  8. 8.0 8.1 'Lotterer leaves DS Techeetah to complete Porsche driver line up', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 17/07/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/july/lotterer-moves-to-porsche, (Accessed 17/07/2019)
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  12. Alex Kalinauckas, 'Audi retains Abt for 2019/20 Formula E season', motorsport.com, (Motorsport Network, 11/07/2019), https://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/di-grassi-abt-retained-audi/4492198/, (Accessed 11/07/2019)
  13. Jake Kilshaw, 'FORMULA E:Envision Virgin Unveils Updated Livery for 2019-20', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media, LLC., 11/10/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/envision-virgin-unveils-updated-livery-for-2019-20/, (Accessed 11/10/2019)
  14. 'Nico Muller completes Geox Dragon driver line up', fiaformulae.com, (Accessed FIA Formula E, 17/09/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/september/muller-completes-dragon-line-up, (Accessed 18/09/2019)
  15. 15.0 15.1 'Sims to remain with BMW i Andretti Motorsport for 2019/20 campaign', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/10/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/october/sims-to-race-for-bmw-in-2019-20-season, (Accessed 09/10/2019)
  16. 'BREAKING: Guenther secures BMW drive while Da Costa parts ways', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/09/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/september/guenther-joins-bmw-as-da-costa-parts-ways, (Accessed 09/09/2019)
  17. Sam Smith, 'Twin-MGU Designs Set to Be Outlawed', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media LLC., 14/06/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/twin-mgu-designs-set-to-be-outlawed/, (Accessed 14/06/2019)
  18. Alex Kalinauckas, 'Driot's sons to lead Nissan Formula E team', motorsport.com, (Motorsport Network, 09/10/2019), https://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/driot-sons-nissan-team-principals/4555005/, (Accessed 14/10/2019)
  19. 'Nissan e.dams retain Buemi and Rowland for 2019/20', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 05/09/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/september/nissan-retain-buemi-rowland, (Accessed 05/09/2019)
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  21. 21.0 21.1 Alex Kalinauckas, 'Jaguar retains Evans for 2019/20 Formula E season', motorsport.com, (Motorsport Network, 26/09/2019), https://www.motorsport.com/formula-e/news/mitch-evans-jagaur-retained-2020/4547885/, (Accessed 26/09/2019)
  22. 'James Calado completes Jaguar line up, ‘lighter’ 2019/20 challenger revealed ', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 02/10/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/october/james-calado-signs-to-jaguar, (Accessed 02/10/2019)
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  28. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named EL
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 29.8 29.9 'Guenther tops time sheets for first test session in Valencia', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 15/10/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/october/pre-season-testing-1, (Accessed 17/10/2019)
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  32. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Results
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 33.5 'Frijns fastest, Envision Virgin Racing remains at the top', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 16/10/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/october/pre-season-testing-3, (Accessed 21/10/2019)
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  35. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named WedNotes
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  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 37.6 37.7 'Birthday boy Pascal Wehrlein fastest in Friday morning session', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 18/10/2019), https://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2019/october/pre-season-testing-5, (Accessed 22/10/2019)
2019/20 ABB FIA Formula E Championship
Entrants
Audi Sport ABT SchaefflerBMW i Andretti MotorsportDS TecheetahEnvision Virgin RacingGEOX DRAGONMahindra RacingMercedes-Benz EQ Formula E TeamNIO 333 FE TeamNissan e.DamsPanasonic Jaguar RacingTAG Heuer Porsche Formula E TeamVenturi Racing
Manufacturers
AudiBMWDSJaguarMahindra & MahindraMercedes-BenzNIONissanPenskePorsche
Cars
Spark SRT05e
Audi e-tron FE06BMW iFE.20DS E-Tense FE20Jaguar I-Type IVMahindra M6ElectroMercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01NIO FE-005Nissan IM02Penske EV-4Porsche 99X Electric
Drivers
2 Sam Bird • 3 Oliver Turvey • 4 Robin Frijns • 5 Stoffel Vandoorne • 6 Brendon Hartley • 7 Nico Müller • 11 Lucas di Grassi • 13 António Félix da Costa • 17 Nyck de Vries • 18 Neel Jani • 19 Felipe Massa • 20 Mitch Evans • 22 Oliver Rowland • 23 Sébastien Buemi • 25 Jean-Éric Vergne • 27 Alexander Sims • 28 Maximilian Günther • 33 Ma Qing Hua • 36 André Lotterer • 48 Edoardo Mortara • 51 James Calado • 64 Jérôme d'Ambrosio • 66 Daniel Abt • 94 Pascal Wehrlein
E-Prix
Ad Diriyah IAd Diriyah IISantiagoMexico CityMarrakechSanyaRomeParisSeoulJakartaBerlinNew York CityLondon ILondon II
Tests
ValenciaRookie Test
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