|Name||FIA Formula HKT Hong Kong ePrix|
|Location||Hong Kong Central Harbourfront Circuit|
|Length||1.870 km (1.156 mi)|
|First Race||9 October 2016|
|Sam Bird||Nelson Piquet Jr.||Sébastien Buemi|
Hong Kong, stylised in Chinese as 香港, is an FIA Formula E Championship host city, which made its debut in the 2016/17 season. Originally a British colony, Hong Kong is renowned for being a natural harbour, with the 2016 Hong Kong ePrix taking place along the harbourfront.
Having spent centuries as a minor port and melting pot of various Chinese groups, Hong Kong would become part of European trade in Asia during the sixteenth century, having been "discovered" by Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares. The population of the port would only remain in the thousands, however, until the Qing dynasty ceded the island and port to the British Empire on the 29th of August 1832, Britain's prize for winning the First Opium War. The population then ballooned as the City of Victoria was established, coinciding with several natural disasters and rebellions in China, allowing Hong Kong to establish itself as a safe haven for many Chinese citizens and traders.
A steady growth in population, and size would continue into the twentieth century, with Britain obtaining a 99 year lease in 1898 to maintain control over the port. Hong Kong would also retain its status as a safe haven throughout the period, with only the Japanese occupation during the Second World War disrupting an otherwise peaceful international trade hub. British rule would resume after the War and would see Hong Kong industrialise at an incredible rate, before the lease came to an end of the 1st of July 1997. The city then became Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, with the future of Hong Kong as an autonomous state coming into question as the years passed.
Formula E HistoryEdit
The city of Hong Kong was first proposed as an Formula E venue in 2015 as negotiations over the second season of the Championship began. The problem with staging a FE race in the City was that the major roads in the city would have to be closed, and so the race had to coincide with another event in order to stage an ePrix. Fortunately, an agreement was signed that allowed FE to come to Hong Kong for the first time on the 9th of October 2016, with the deal also stipulating that the race should be the opening round of the 2016/17 FIA Formula E Championship.
The first Hong Kong ePrix would be an eventful affair, with Sébastien Buemi taking a fortunate victory in an incident filled race. The race, attended by some 30,000 people, would also be highlighted for making a HK$50 million loss, although Alejandro Agag, chairman of Formula E Holdings was quick to dismiss the impact those losses would have on the race in future.
The Harbourfront would be chosen as the basis for the maiden Hong Kong ePrix, with a ten turn circuit established amid the city's major landmarks. The Harbourfront circuit would see Buemi claim a surprise win after a poor qualifying run, aided by a safety car caused by a crash for José María López. His major rivals for victory would be ruled out of the race too, with Nelson Piquet Jr. hitting the wall just moments after Lopez did, while Sam Bird had an issue during his car change that left him a lap down.
The Harbourfront Circuit featured ten corners, stitched together by 1.870km (1.156mi) of city streets which would take the field past a few major landmarks. A tight first corner hairpin is followed by a half-kilometre dash to a narrow turn two right hander, before a chicane formed turns three and four. A long run around a roundabout formed turn five, before a sprint down another street to turn six, with a similar dash, back along the other side of the same street to turn seven. Another 90° left would follow opposite the turn 3/4 chicane, with the pit entrance found on the outside of the 90° right hander of turn nine. Turn ten followed as a long sweeping left hander to take the cars back onto the start/finish straight, with the pit exit just on the exit of the final corner.
A full list of records for the Hong Kong ePrix are outlined below, including a list of race winners.
Below is a list of all of the winners of ePrix held in Hong Kong:
|Hong Kong ePrix Winners List|
|2016/17||2016 FIA Formula E HKT Hong Kong ePrix||Harbourfront Circuit||9 October 2016||Sébastien Buemi||Report|
|2017/18||2017 FIA Formula E HKT Hong Kong E-Prix||Harbourfront Circuit||2 December 2017||Sam Bird||Report|
|2017/18||2017 FIA Formula E HKT Hong Kong E-Prix||Harbourfront Circuit||3 December 2017||Felix Rosenqvist||Report|
|2018/19||2019 HKT Hong Kong E-Prix||Harbourfront Circuit||10 March 2019||Edoardo Mortara||Report|
Hong Kong Central Harbourfront CircuitEdit
The circuit records for the Hong Kong Harbourfront Circuit are shown below:
- Qualifying Record: 1:02.836 - Felix Rosenqvist (2017)
- Lap Record: 1:02.358 - Sam Bird (2019)
- Most Poles: 1 - Nelson Piquet Jr.; Jean-Éric Vergne; Felix Rosenqvist; Stoffel Vandoorne
- Most Wins: 1 - Sébastien Buemi; Sam Bird; Felix Rosenqvist; Edoardo Mortara
Videos and Images:
- Wpcpey, 'File:Lung Wo Road Formula Race view 20161009.jpg', wikimedia.org, (WikiMedia Commons, 10/10/2016), https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lung_Wo_Road_Formula_Race_view_20161009.jpg, (Accessed 17/10/2016)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 'Drive the Future', hkformulae.com, (HK Eprix, 2016), http://www.hkformulae.com/, (Accessed 17/09/2016)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 'Hong Kong', wikipedia.org, (WikiMedia, 09/10/2016), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong, (Accessed 09/10/2016)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 'From Hong Kong to New York: FIVE NEW CITIES FOR THIRD FORMULA E SEASON', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 02/07/2016), http://fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/july/from-hong-kong-to-new-york/, (Accessed 02/07/2016)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 'Buemi holds on in Hong Kong', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 09/10/2016), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2016/october/buemi-holds-on-in-hong-kong/, (Accessed 09/10/2016)
- ↑ James Porteous, 'View-blocking barriers necessary for safety say Formula E chiefs – and HK$50m loss ‘irrelevant’', scmp.com, (South China Morning Post Publishers, 09/10/2016), http://www.scmp.com/sport/hong-kong/article/2026466/view-blocking-barriers-necessary-safety-say-formula-e-chiefs-and, (Accessed 09/10/2016)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 'More compact Season 4 calendar revealed', fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 19/06/2017), http://www.fiaformulae.com/en/news/2017/june/more-compact-season-4-calendar-revealed/, (Accessed 19/06/2017)
- ↑ 'ABB FIA Formula E Championship Season 5', info.fiaformulae.com, (FIA Formula E, 07/06/2018), http://info.fiaformulae.com/season-5-calendar/, (Accessed 07/06/2018)
- ↑ Jake Kilshaw, 'Mortara, Venturi Set for First Win as Bird Penalized', e-racing365.com, (John Dagys Media LLC., 10/03/2019), https://e-racing365.com/formula-e/mortara-venturi-set-for-first-win-as-bird-penalized/, (Accessed 10/03/2019)
|Formula E Host Cities|
|Mexico City||Montreal||New York|
|Buenos Aires||Santiago||São Paulo||Punta del Este|
|Donington Park||Circuit Ricardo Tormo|